Eurofound’s European Restructuring Monitor database reveals the impact of the energy crisis on employment in the EU. Following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, energy prices have hit record highs. The European Commission imposed sanctions and limitations on the import of oil and gas from Russia, which has reacted by reneging on supply commitments to many Member States. Compared to other countries, market disruption has been especially acute in the EU, given the bloc’s overdependence on Russian energy supply.
This study provides information allowing for an assessment of the representativeness of the actors involved in the European sectoral social dialogue committee for the electricity sector. Their relative representativeness legitimises their right to be consulted, their role and effective participation in the European sectoral social dialogue and their capacity to negotiate agreements.
Η παρούσα έκθεση αναλύει τον ρόλο του κοινωνικού διαλόγου και των συλλογικών διαπραγματεύσεων στην αντιμετώπιση των προκλήσεων που αντιμετωπίζει ο τομέας της πολιτικής αεροπορίας κατά τη διάρκεια της πανδημίας COVID-19. Η συμμετοχή των κοινωνικών εταίρων στα μέτρα που θεσπίστηκαν για τον μετριασμό των αρνητικών επιπτώσεων της πανδημίας ποικίλλει μεταξύ των ευρωπαϊκών χωρών. Ο κοινωνικός διάλογος και οι συλλογικές διαπραγματεύσεις διαδραμάτισαν εξέχοντα ρόλο στις περισσότερες χώρες, ενώ σε άλλες χώρες είχαν πιο περιορισμένο ρόλο.
Στην παρούσα έκθεση αναλύεται ο ρόλος του κοινωνικού διαλόγου και των συλλογικών διαπραγματεύσεων για την αντιμετώπιση των προκλήσεων που δημιούργησε ή επιδείνωσε η πανδημία COVID-19 στον νοσοκομειακό κλάδο. Επίσης, διερευνάται αν οι υφιστάμενες διαδικασίες κοινωνικού διαλόγου και συλλογικών διαπραγματεύσεων σε εθνικό επίπεδο ήταν κατάλληλες για την αντιμετώπιση αυτών των νέων προκλήσεων.
Η παρούσα έκθεση εκπονείται στο πλαίσιο του τριετούς πιλοτικού έργου (2021-2023), με τίτλο «Ο ρόλος του κατώτατου μισθού στη θέσπιση της παγκόσμιας εγγύησης εργασίας», το οποίο ανατέθηκε στο Eurofound κατόπιν εντολής της Ευρωπαϊκής Επιτροπής. Εστιάζει στην ενότητα 3 του έργου, η οποία διερευνά τους κατώτατους μισθούς και τις λοιπές αμοιβές των αυτοαπασχολούμενων.
Οι αυστηροί περιορισμοί δημόσιας υγείας που εφάρμοσαν οι κυβερνήσεις των κρατών μελών το 2020 για να ελέγξουν την πανδημία COVID-19 μετέβαλαν απότομα τον εργασιακό βίο και συνέχισαν να τον διαμορφώνουν και κατά τη διετία που ακολούθησε. Μεταξύ Μαρτίου και Νοεμβρίου 2021 διεξήχθησαν πάνω από 70 000 συνεντεύξεις σε 36 χώρες στο πλαίσιο της ευρωπαϊκής έρευνας για τις συνθήκες εργασίας μέσω τηλεφωνικών συνεντεύξεων (EWCTS), μια υψηλής ποιότητας δειγματική έρευνα.
This study provides information allowing for an assessment of the representativeness of the actors involved in the European sectoral social dialogue committee for the Food and drink sector. Their relative representativeness legitimises their right to be consulted, their role and effective participation in the European sectoral social dialogue and their capacity to negotiate agreements. The aim of Eurofound’s studies on representativeness is to identify the relevant national and European social partner organisations in the field of industrial relations in the EU Member States.
Η έκθεση εξετάζει την εξέλιξη της εμπιστοσύνης των πολιτών σε θεσμούς –μεταξύ των οποίων οι εθνικές κυβερνήσεις, η ΕΕ, η επιστήμη και τα μέσα ενημέρωσης– κατά τη διάρκεια της πανδημίας COVID-19 το 2020 και το 2021. Αναλύεται ο ρόλος των μέσων ενημέρωσης, ειδικότερα η σχέση μεταξύ της χρήσης των μέσων κοινωνικής δικτύωσης και της εμπιστοσύνης καθώς και ο αντίκτυπος της εσφαλμένης πληροφόρησης (ανακριβής ή παραπλανητική πληροφόρηση) και της παραπληροφόρησης (σκόπιμη παραπληροφόρηση) κατά την περίοδο της κρίσης.
Η ποιότητα των θεσμών αποτελεί βασικό παράγοντα για την επίτευξη ανοδικής οικονομικής και κοινωνικής σύγκλισης στην ΕΕ, καθώς διαδραματίζει θεμελιώδη ρόλο στην ανάπτυξη της οικονομίας, στην προσέλκυση ξένων επενδύσεων, στη διασφάλιση της εφαρμογής πολιτικών και μεταρρυθμίσεων και στην επιτυχή πρόσβαση σε κονδύλια της ΕΕ.
The EU Presidency of Czechia organised a high-level conference in October 2022 on ‘Tackling energy poverty: EU approach & sharing best practices’. The event aimed to bring different actors together in order to strengthen the dialogue on possible solutions on how to further tackle energy poverty in the EU. This background paper, prepared at the request of the Czech Presidency, aims to contribute to the debate.
Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.
Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.
Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.
Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.
Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.
Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.
Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.
This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.
Building on previous work by Eurofound, this report will investigate intergenerational dynamics over time. During the 2008 double-dip recession, worrying intergenerational divides appeared in many Member States, and while some of the economic and social impact of the COVID-19 pandemic is universal, early data suggests disparities across demographic cohorts. Eurofound will examine how different age groups may have been affected in terms of their health, labour market participation, quality of life and financial needs, both in the short term and in the long term.
The COVID-19 pandemic triggered an extraordinary level of provision of social services across the EU. Healthcare and care providers carried much of the burden and, together with essential services, played a crucial role in getting citizens through the crisis. This report explores how public services adapted to the new reality and what role was played by the digital transformation of services. The aim is to contribute to the documentation and analysis of changes in funding, delivery and use of healthcare and social services during the pandemic.
Are the policies required to meet the commitments outlined under the EU’s plan for a green transition, the Fit-for-55 package, and the associated budgetary commitments – the Green New Deal – likely to lead to positive or negative employment outcomes by 2030? What types of jobs will be created or destroyed? Will shifts in employment be skewed towards the bottom, middle or top of the job–wage distribution? This report aims to provide answers to these questions, using macro-modelled estimates of the likely impacts of these policies on the structure of employment.
This report explores the potential socio-economic implications of the transition to a climate-neutral economy on different EU regions and groups of people. It adopts a foresight approach to envision potential actions that can be taken to shape the future. After consulting with stakeholders and experts, three scenarios were developed to consider emerging economic and social inequalities at EU and regional level. The report includes policy pointers which outline measures to be taken to achieve a just transition to a sustainable, climate-neutral economy where no one is left behind.
This report explores how environmental performance has converged – or diverged – among the EU Member States since the early 2000s. With environmental goals piling up at the EU level, is it reasonable to expect Member States to adhere to this emerging EU environmental aquis? And, just as importantly, can we expect Member States to reach these goals at the same time? This report attempts to provide answers to these and other questions high on the political agenda.
This report investigates the potential individual and societal impacts of labour market insecurity, focusing on workers with non-permanent contracts, part-time and self-employed workers, and workers who perceive their job as insecure. It explores the impact of labour market insecurities on health and well-being, social exclusion, trust in people and the perception of fairness, as well as trust in institutions. Policies aimed at reducing labour market instability following the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic are also presented.
This report highlights the prevalence of psychosocial risks across countries, sectors and occupations during the later phase of the COVID-19 pandemic. It outlines the specific working conditions that can lead to work-related health problems. In particular, the report investigates the potential pitfalls related to the expansion of telework, the role of job and income insecurity as a psychosocial risk and the phenomenon of adverse social behaviour and discrimination at work. In addition, it offers policy pointers on tackling the increase in work absenteeism due to mental health problems.
This report – published every two years – covers important developments resulting from legislative reforms in collective bargaining at national or sectoral level in 2021 and 2022. It examines the average weekly working hours set by collective agreements, both across national economies and in five sectors: education, health, transport, retail and public administration.
This policy brief provides facts and figures on the working life and job quality of so-called ‘essential workers’ and is based on data from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) extraordinary edition 2021. It will define various subgroups of essential workers, describe the challenges they face and outline the type of responses provided, or being developed, to address those challenges.
This policy brief aims to contribute to the effective monitoring and evaluation of the European Child Guarantee. Progress at EU level is measured by a monitoring framework which monitors the key areas of the European Child Guarantee: early childhood education and care; education, including school-based activities and at least one healthy meal each school day; healthcare; healthy nutrition; and adequate housing. The policy brief explores trends and disparities in these areas using a convergence analysis, which tracks any disparities among EU Member States.