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  • Article
    27 Balandis 1997

    In 10 sessions over the course of five months, the Metals, Mining and Energy
    Workers trade union (Gewerkschaft Metall-Bergbau-Energie, GMBE) and eight
    associations together comprising the metalworking sector within the
    Bundessektion Industrie of the Austrian Chamber of the Economy
    (Wirtschaftskammer Österreich, WKÖ) have thrashed out a collective
    agreement on working time flexibilisation covering 229,000 employees (162,000
    waged, 67,000 salaried) in industrial establishments. However, one of the
    eight associations - Fachverband der Metallwarenindustrie- has been blocking
    ratification of the deal since mid-March.

  • Article
    27 Balandis 1997

    At the end of March 1997, Ericsson Telecom (part of the Swedish Ericsson
    Group) workers in Norrköping learned that their employer had made a
    preliminary agreement with two US companies, SCI Systems and Solectron, to
    sell the production of printed circuit cards part of the business. The
    company wanted the sale to take place before the summer.

  • Article
    27 Balandis 1997

    On 9 April 1997, the airline company Deutsche Lufthansa AG, the Union for
    Public Services, Transport and Communication (Gewerkschaft Öffentliche
    Dienste, Transport und Verkehr, ÖTV) and the German Salaried Employees'
    Union (Deutsche Angestelltengewerkschaft, DAG) concluded a package deal,
    which ended months of industrial action. The DAG agreed to be covered by the
    Lufthansa-ÖTV collective agreements signed in October 1996. Furthermore, the
    deal provides for an increase in the profit-sharing bonus of DEM 100 and an
    overtime pay rise for cockpit employees. From September 1997, the trade
    unions have the right to terminate the wage agreements in the event that
    Lufthansa does not keep special rules which were jointly established. In
    addition, Lufthansa, the ÖTV and the DAG agreed on the continuation of the
    existing collective agreement which maintains the status quo for cabin crew,
    as well as the existing general agreement on pay grades for ground staff, for
    another three years.

  • Article
    27 Balandis 1997

    Speaking at the Institute of European Affairs in Dublin, Padraig Flynn, the
    commissioner for employment, industrial relations and social affairs,
    outlined his priorities for the Intergovernmental Conference (IGC) and
    provided the audience with an update of the continuing negotiations leading
    up the Amsterdam summit in June (EU9704117F [1]).


  • Article
    27 Balandis 1997

    Over the past few months, the Governor of the Bank of Italy, Antonio Fazio,
    and the Abi banking employers' association have urged the Government to start
    negotiations with employers' associations and trade unions in order to deal
    with the problems linked to the low profitability of the Italian banking
    sector. High labour costs and redundancy are the main themes of debate. On 8
    April 1997, a first meeting took place between an Abi delegation and a
    ministerial group, which represented the official opening of negotiations
    that will also involve the trade unions in the near future.

  • Article
    27 Balandis 1997

    In its bill, presented to Parliament on 15 April 1997, the Government states
    that the policy of austerity which has been in operation for last few years
    has been so successful that it is now possible to focus more on its most
    important goal - to halve the rate of unemployment to 4% before 2000.

  • Article
    27 Balandis 1997

    After the Brussels Industrial tribunal (BE9704208N [1]), on 4 April it was a
    French court's turn to find Renault's management guilty of disobeying the law
    in a ruling which could well postpone the closure of the Vilvorde plant.



  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications

  • Report
    Gegužė 2024

    The report maps trends in income inequality and examines the situation of the middle classes in the EU during 2020, the year most associated with the COVID-19 lockdowns. It charts developments in the size and composition of middle-class households across countries, identifies those that suffered disproportionately in 2020. Taking a longer lens, the report describes the evolution of income inequalities over the last 15 years, comparing the Great Recession (2007–2009) with the COVID-19 pandemic, and outlines the trends both between and within Member States.

  • Report
    Gruodis 2024

    This report explores the implications of the right of all EU citizens to live independently. It investigates the barriers faced by people who wish to live independently, and the situation of people at risk of living in institutional settings. It maps the various measures taken by EU Member States to foster independent living and autonomy. The report also includes policy pointers to support future decision-makers and provides a review of lessons learned from the COVID-19 pandemic.