Publications

1261 items found

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.


  • Sharp decline of footwear industry over twenty-year period

    In Latvia, the production of footwear at a manufacturing level was introduced in the second part of the 19th century. In 1912, footwear manufacturing companies employed 6,800 people, and the largest companies were located in the capital city Riga on the Baltic coast. In 1939, there were 84 footwear factories employing 1,400 people. Statistics show that in 1938, 2,140 pairs of footwear were manufactured, 79% of which were made from rubber.
  • Cautious welcome for slight dip in unemployment

    At the end of October 2009, the Spanish National Statistical Institute (Instituto Nacional de Estadística, INE [1]) presented the results of the Spanish Labour Force Survey (/Encuesta de Población Activa/, EPA) corresponding to the third quarter of 2009. The results are somewhat significant as, for the first time in two years, they show a decrease in the number of unemployed people. Unemployment has declined by 14,100 persons in comparison to the previous quarter, with the number of unemployed people now standing at 4,123,300 persons. [1] http://www.ine.es
  • Majority of employers adopt work–life balance measures

    In 2009, the Employment and Training Corporation (ETC [1]), Malta’s public employment service organisation, commissioned a transnational study on work–life reconciliation measures. The research was co-funded by the European Commission [2], with the countries Cyprus, Iceland, Slovenia and Sweden also acting as partners in the project. [1] http://www.etc.gov.mt/ [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/european-commission
  • Impact of immigration on wages of Irish workers

    On 30 September 2009, Ireland’s Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI [1]) published a new study entitled Estimating the impact of immigration on wages in Ireland (420Kb PDF) [2]. During the period of Ireland’s remarkable economic boom, one of the notable features of the economic transformation was a rapid increase in inward migration. Another important dimension was the decision by the Irish government to allow full access to the Irish labour market when the EU expanded to 25 Member States on 1 May 2004. The ESRI paper examines whether the influx of migrants tends to increase or reduce the average wages of native workers, noting that the issue of immigration impacts is an enormously controversial issue. [1] http://www.esri.ie/ [2] http://www.esri.ie/UserFiles/publications/20090930094315/WP318.pdf
  • Role of public employment service in reconciling work and family life

    The research project ‘Reconciliation of work and family life in Slovenia: Role of the public employment service’ was carried out by a group of researchers from the Faculty of Social Sciences of the University of Ljubljana [1] in 2008. The project sought to examine the framework for reconciling work and family life in Slovenia and to present empirical data about reconciliation and the challenges faced in achieving work-life balance [2] in Slovene companies. Both aims were regarded as relevant for considerations about the Employment Service of Slovenia (Zavod Republike Slovenije za zaposlovanje, ZRSZ [3]) playing a more active role in the implementation of and support for reconciling work and family life policies and measures. [1] http://www.uni-lj.si/en/ [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/worklife-balance-0 [3] http://www.ess.gov.si/index.asp
  • Trade unions push for limited opening hours at Christmas

    In the Czech Republic, opening hours in shops are by no means limited. Although law-makers from the Czech Social Democratic Party (Česká strana sociálně demokratická, ČSSD [1]) and the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (Komunistická strana Čech a Moravy, KSČM [2]) made an attempt in 2005 to ban opening hours at night in supermarkets and on public holidays, they did not get sufficient support for their proposal. At that time, chain store operators objected to the proposal claiming that they would lose customers due to the banning of sales on public holidays and at night time. They warned that, as a result, they would have to dismiss some of their staff. [1] http://www.cssd.cz [2] http://www.kscm.cz
  • Tripartite Social Summit discusses responses to economic crisis

    On 29 October 2009, the Tripartite Social Summit [1] met ahead of the autumn European Council of Ministers. These twice annual meetings provide an opportunity for an exchange of views between the social partners, the European Commission [2], heads of government and employment ministers. The agenda of the October meeting was split into two parts: the first part dealt with the recent economic and social situation in Europe, while the second part focused on the social partners’ Joint work programme 2009–2010 (407Kb PDF) [3]. The social partners were united in their concerns over the nature of economic recovery in Europe, although they emphasised different priorities that should be adopted in the short term. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/tripartite-social-summit [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/european-commission [3] http://www.etuc.org/IMG/pdf_FINAL_Joint_Social_Dialogue_Work_Programme_2009-2010.pdf
  • Crisis and uncertainty in automotive sector

    The autonomous communities of Catalonia and Aragon in northeastern Spain have to face restructuring [1] plans in the car manufacturing companies Nissan and Opel, but with highly significant differences. In Catalonia, for instance, the conflict at Nissan [2] affects regional industrial relations and has received considerable support from the Catalan government. However, the restructuring operations at Opel [3] in Aragon stretch beyond the limits of the Spanish state as it is part of General Motors’ (GM [4]) restructuring of its European subsidiaries Opel and Vauxhall. It has therefore led to the involvement of the company’s European Works Council [5] (EWC) – known as the European Employees’ Forum (EEF) – the governments of five countries and the European institutions, with an important role played by the European Commission in the fields of enterprise and competition (*EU0910029I* [6], *UK0911049I* [7]). [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/restructuring [2] http://www.nissan-global.com/EN/index.html [3] http://www.opel.com/ [4] http://www.gm.com/ [5] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/european-works-councils [6] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/general-motors-ditches-plan-to-sell-opel-and-vauxhall-to-magna [7] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/trade-union-welcomes-general-motors-decision-not-to-sell-opel
  • Trade unions challenge government privatisation plans

    When the ruling coalition of the Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, PO [1]) and the Polish People’s Party (Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe, PSL [2]) took power in 2007, promises were made to conclude privatisation processes. However, the actions taken in the first year of the government’s term did not suggest that the promise would be kept, as the privatisation income turned out to be meagre. [1] http://www.platforma.org/ [2] http://www.psl.org.pl/
  • Healthcare workers protest against cuts in spending

    Due to the Estonian government’s plan to adopt the euro as the national currency from 1 January 2011, an aim has been set to fulfil the Maastricht criteria. Cuts in healthcare spending are among the measures proposed to improve the country’s budgetary position so that it can adhere to these criteria. The transition to the eurozone is expected to pull Estonia through the crisis and to restore its economic stability. Although the Estonian Health Insurance Fund (Eesti Haigekassa, EHIF [1]) has over EEK 1 billion (about €64 million as at 27 November 2009) in reserve and over EEK 1.3 billion (€83 million) in retained profits that would cover the missing finances for the period 2010–2013, the government insisted on cutting its expenditure to save an estimated EEK 0.5 billion (€32 million). However, doctors, nurses and hospital executives insisted on using reserves and retained profits, since the budget cuts from the beginning of 2009 have already reduced the salaries of doctors and nurses. It is feared that the latest cuts will diminish the availability and quality of healthcare, as hospitals are afraid that they will be forced to implement redundancies as well as pay cuts. [1] http://www.haigekassa.ee/eng/

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