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  • Article
    25 Duben 2002

    In March 2002, Finland's Government Institute for Economic Research published
    a research study on the distribution of national income between labour and
    capital, commissioned by the tripartite incomes policy information
    commission. According to the findings, the share of wages in the national
    income has decreased drastically since the early 1990s. In response, the SAK
    trade union confederation has warned of a new battle over the distribution of

  • Article
    23 Duben 2002

    A number of legislative proposals issued in 2001 and 2002 aim to strengthen
    the position of the general meeting of shareholders in Dutch companies in
    relation to company management and, in some cases, even the supervisory
    board. At the same time, the powers of employee representatives will remain
    largely unchanged. These changes may bring about a shift in the balance of
    power within large companies in favour of shareholders.

  • Article
    23 Duben 2002

    In late March 2002, two telecommunications companies, the Finnish Sonera and
    Swedish Telia, announced their intention to merge. The merger would create
    the largest telecommunications operator in the Nordic countries and a
    significant operator on the European scale. According to the companies, the
    merger will not result in job losses at this stage. Trade unions state that
    they are satisfied with the plan and believe that jobs will be secure.

  • Article
    23 Duben 2002

    On 27 January 2002, after a shorter than usual period of negotiations
    (DK0111128F [1]), the Minister of Finance and the joint trade union
    bargaining body, the Danish Central Federation of State Employees'
    Organisations (Centralorganisationernes Fællesudvalg, CFU), concluded
    bargaining over a new three-year collective agreement for some 175,000
    employees - both civil servants and other employees - in the central
    government sector. There was great satisfaction on both sides of the
    bargaining table with the result, which should guarantee an increase in real
    wages and the implementation of a number of other measures over a longer


  • Report
    23 Duben 2002

    This national report examines the main trends in temporary agency work and the problems and challenges it poses in Austria. It puts the spotlight on the working conditions of temporary agency workers, and the specific features of such work that might help explain these conditions.

  • Article
    22 Duben 2002

    In March 2002, Susanne Riess-Passer, the Vice-Chancellor and chair of the
    populist Freedom Party (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs, FPÖ), raised the
    contentious issue of what is known in Austria as 'Pragmatisierung'- ie system
    of permanent tenure for the career public servants, which provides absolute
    protection against dismissal (see below). In line with prevailing public
    opinion, the coalition government of the FPÖ and the conservative People's
    Party (Österreichische Volkspartei, ÖVP) intends to reform the relevant
    public service regulations to restrict this right of absolute protection
    against dismissal to a certain narrowly defined group of public employees.

  • Article
    22 Duben 2002

    On 21 March 2002, the German-based construction company Philipp Holzmann AG
    filed for bankruptcy protection in court. The collapse of Germany's
    second-largest construction company came after several leading banks, among
    others Deutsche Bank, Dresdner Bank, Commerzbank and HypoVereinsbank, failed
    to reach an agreement on a feasible rescue plan and on providing the company
    with new credit. Holzmann, which employs about 11,000 workers in Germany and
    another 12,000 employees in its international subsidiaries, lost EUR 237
    million in 2001 alone, which was much more than the EUR 199 million loss
    which was expected as part of the company's long-term consolidation plan.
    With the recent turn of events, it seems that more than 100 years of company
    history have come to an end. This is not the first time, however, that
    Holzmann has been threatened by bankruptcy.

  • Article
    22 Duben 2002

    The European Commission issued on 20 March 2002 a proposal for a European
    Parliament and Council Directive on working conditions for temporary agency
    workers [1]. This is the third subject to be regulated within the framework
    of the Commission's September 1995 social partner consultation on the issue
    of 'atypical' work. This process has yielded two agreements negotiated
    between the social partners at EU level – the European Trade Union
    Confederation (ETUC), the Union of Industrial and Employers' Confederations
    of Europe (UNICE) and the European Centre of Enterprises with Public
    Participation and of Enterprises of General Economic Interest (CEEP). The
    first was an accord on the regulation of part-time work, reached in June 1997
    (EU9706131F [2]). This agreement forms the basis of EU Directive (97/81EC) on
    part-time work [3], which was adopted on 15 December 1997. The second was an
    accord on fixed-term work, reached on 14 January 1999 (EU9901147F [4]). This
    agreement forms the basis of EU Directive (1999/70/EC) on fixed-term work
    [5], which was adopted on 28 June 1999.


  • Article
    22 Duben 2002

    In 2002, women remain under-represented in leadership positions in Belgian
    trade unions, and among members of employee representative bodies. The
    reasons most frequently advanced for this state of affairs are family
    responsibilities and social constraints. Female trade unionists are
    increasingly demanding better representation, particularly in decision-making
    roles, and the main unions are now seeking to change their attitudes and
    increase awareness among women workers..


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2020. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

Forthcoming publications