Stand with Ukraine
7 Márta 2023
After two years of living through a worldwide pandemic, the start of 2022 should have kickstarted a brighter prospect for Europe, the chance to seize the momentum, ‘to get to work, to make Europe greener, more digital and more resilient’.Read more
After two years of living through a worldwide pandemic, the start of 2022 should have kickstarted a brighter prospect for Europe, the chance to seize the momentum, ‘to get to work, to make Europe greener, more digital and more resilient’. However, on 24 February came the horror of war in Ukraine, casting a dark shadow over that ambition, threatening to alter the course of the EU in the years ahead. One year on, Eurofound continues to stand with Ukraine and has moved to respond to the evolving crisis.Read less
Measures to lessen the impact of the inflation and energy crisis on citizens
European Parliament hearing with Eurofound and EU Agencies
In addition to the death and destruction from the war waged by Russia on Ukraine and its people, this has brought a massive surge of refugees to the EU, increased emigration from Russia, and an unfolding humanitarian crisis.Read more
In addition to the death and destruction from the war waged by Russia on Ukraine and its people, this has brought a massive surge of refugees to the EU, increased emigration from Russia, and an unfolding humanitarian crisis. In response, massive economic sanctions imposed on Russia by the international community have cut off vital capital and foreign trade flows to the country. The war has affected the markets for oil and gas, as well as other vital commodities. Prices of energy and food have surged, and supply chains have been disrupted with inflation likely to increase further.
These developments have the potential to deeply affect the living conditions of many European citizens and are likely to have a substantial effect on the world of work, quality of life and social cohesion in the EU in the years to come. Policy will need to respond accordingly.
A range of support measures have been initiated at EU level to help Member States meet the needs of refugees. The European Council has activated the first-ever Temporary Protection Directive, which includes special protection for children, access to education and healthcare, as well as access to jobs, accommodation and housing. In October 2022, the Council adopted conclusions on Ukraine/Russia, critical infrastructure, energy and economy and external relations.
- European Commission: Ukraine: EU support to help Member States meet the needs of refugees
- European Council: European Council conclusions, 20–21 October 2022
In its role to provide knowledge to assist in the development of better social, employment and work-related policies that will lead to a strong social Europe, Eurofound will continue to adapt and expand its current Read more
In its role to provide knowledge to assist in the development of better social, employment and work-related policies that will lead to a strong social Europe, Eurofound will continue to adapt and expand its current four-year work programme to explore and respond to issues emerging from the war in Ukraine. The Agency will seek to provide adequate and timely analysis to its stakeholders, policymakers and to the larger public, using existing Eurofound data collection instruments and monitoring tools, as well as its wide range of research tools.
In 2022, Eurofound put together a country profile for Ukraine, offering a wealth of information on key components of working life in the country. Profiles for Moldova and Georgia will follow in 2023.
- Country profile: Ukraine
Data collection and monitoring tools
Eurofound’s data collection instruments and monitoring tools have been adjusted to collect evidence to inform the policy responses that will be necessary to support the integration of refugees and displaced persons from Ukraine and prevent the risk of recession resulting from the economic impact of the Ukraine crisis. These are outlined below.
Data sources collecting early information and first results
- Network of Eurofound Correspondents: Reporting on national measures to accommodate refugees from Ukraine, counter inflation and supply problems within the Ukraine section of the EU PolicyWatch database. New categories have been created to classify measures such as direct support for refugees, companies, workers and citizens
- European Restructuring Monitor: Recording new restructuring cases as a result of the war in Ukraine. Read our first article on the impact of the war in Ukraine on employment changes in the EU:
- Living, working and COVID-19 e-survey: Round 5 carried out in March–May 2022 included additional questions focusing on the engagement of citizens and their opinion about their government’s response to the crisis. The final results were published in December 2022.
Adaptation of research projects
Eurofound will adapt a range of projects currently underway or planned for 2023 to cover the turn of events of the last year and into the future. Topics include:
- Psychosocial risks: In the context of the 2023 report, post-war trauma will also be analysed and results published in a section of the report on ‘Social impact of migration - Addressing the challenges of receiving and integrating Ukrainian refugees’
- Working life annual update for 2022 covered the effects of the war in Ukraine on working life in the Member States
- Affordable and adequate homes, including analysis on energy consumption amid rising prices
- Youth life and work in a post-pandemic world, exploring the possibility with the European Training Foundation to collect data in Ukraine
- Impact of the transition to a carbon-neutral economy on employment and its effect on overall job quality, which considers the effects of gas/oil shortages and increasing energy prices when developing scenarios
- Platform economy, including updates to the online repository on the role of platforms to create work for refugees/migrants, with a particular focus on migrants from Ukraine
- Minimum wage annual review: data collection on developments impacting minimum wage rates in 2023 will investigate how inflation is reflected in minimum wage increases
- Social dialogue: national reporting will include the consequences of increased inflation and cost of living
- Regional perspective on labour market change following the COVID-19 pandemic, with an additional focus on countries and regions receiving a large number of refugees from Ukraine
- Company practices to tackle labour shortages, including corporate initiatives to integrate migrants from Ukraine
- Social cohesion and the role of economic and social discontent, exploring the link between support for Ukraine and discontent
- Social impact of migration, to include labour market and access to social services, equal treatment of refugees, volunteering and public support
- Income inequalities and the middle class, to also examine expected effects of inflation and the increasing cost of living
Key outputs over the years
Publications & dataTop
The sections below provide access to a range of publications, data and ongoing work on this topic.
- Publications tab (23)
- Ongoing work tab
Europe Day: Europe’s future hangs in the balanceBlog 9 Bealtaine 2022
Eurofound stands with UkraineNews 7 Aibreán 2022
First impacts of the Ukrainian crisis on employment in the EUArticle 7 Aibreán 2022
Ongoing work tab
New research in the future
Eurofound will also seek out other possibilities to expand the focus on the impact of the war on its research. These include:
- A working paper on the integration of refugees from Ukraine in EU childcare services
- A foresight exercise looking at the expected impact of the asymmetric effect of the war across Member States – including energy poverty, quality of life, luxury goods, supply chains and labour markets – through the lens of convergence
- An e-survey in autumn 2022 to gauge discontent, reaction of the population, including impact of the effects of the war