Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from
research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articleson working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.
Where UK employers recognise a trade union for collective bargaining
purposes, this is usually based on a voluntary agreement between the parties.
However, since 2000, there has also been a statutory procedure through which
a union can apply to the independent Central Arbitration Committee (CAC )
to oblige an employer to recognise it (*UK0007183F* ). If the union
demonstrates a certain level of membership and support for recognition (in
some cases through a workforce ballot), the CAC issues a declaration making
recognition compulsory, and this has happened in over 220 cases.
Two years of unsuccessful negotiations about a renewal of the collective
agreement between the multinational IT-company CSC  and the IT-trade union
PROSA  ended in June 2011 when the Labour Court ruled against the union,
saying that CSC was entitled to release itself from the agreement with PROSA.
After the ruling, CSC signed a new agreement with another IT-union, HK. This
agreement was much less favourable to the programmers and system consultants
at CSC. PROSA consequently lost its bargaining rights and employee
representatives for their 700 members at CSC.
The 2011 annual meeting of the Austrian social partners, held in the spa town
of Bad Ischl, was dedicated to consideration of ‘The effect of demographic
developments on the labour market and the social security system’. At the
meeting, the heads of the major social partner organisations discussed a set
of measures to increase Austria’s average actual retirement age.
In Poland the national minimum wage is set annually in accordance with the
Minimum Wage Act of 2002. The Tripartite Commission for Social and Economic
Affairs (Trójstronna Komisja ds. Społeczno Gospodarczych ) decides the
wage level for the next year based on proposals submitted by the government.
On 21 June 2011, it was announced that agreement had been reached between
global pharmaceuticals company Merck  and the Dutch government to retain
some of the jobs at the research centre of its subsidiary Organon, based at
Oss in the Netherlands. The agreement includes the establishment of a
life-sciences park to employ the 540 researchers who will be dismissed from
Merck. Of the remaining researchers, 100 will join Merck’s production team
and 486 will remain in service.
At the beginning of November 2011, a group of employers’ organisations
presented new data on developments in vocational training in Germany. They
had come together in 2004 to set up the Pact on Apprenticeships
(/Ausbildungspakt/), designed to create more apprenticeship positions
This issue of Foundation Focus looks at job creation. The Great Recession has destroyed many jobs and the recovery has been shallow, with few new jobs being created. Where are new jobs going to come from? Eurofound looks at the care and education sectors as possible drivers of growth and at the skills needed for a greener economy. Foundation Focus also analyses where jobs were lost during the recession, both in terms of sectors and overall numbers. What do SMEs – who make up 99% of European companies – need to flourish and create employment? Public support for job creation has been ongoing in Europe, but has become refocused following the economic downturn.
The ageing population and the consequent increase in the share of older
workers in the workforce have raised concerns among both policy makers and
social partners across Europe. In France, the employment rate of older
workers is still below the EU average, although it has increased slightly in
the last decade. The ‘Survey of the management of employees aged 50 and
older’ (EGS50+) finds that while explicit ‘age management’ in French
workplaces is now more common and employers’ views about older workers has
improved, perceptions of workers who are over the age of 50 are still
The European Commission issued the Eurobarometer Social Climate Report
(Special Eurobarometer 370) (2.46Mb PDF)  in October 2011. The survey,
which was conducted in June 2011, asked a range of questions on personal and
employment issues to determine what impact the economic and financial crisis
has had on the lives of EU citizens. It is based on approximately 1,000
interviews with people in each Member State, with the exception of Cyprus
(500), Germany (1,500), Luxembourg (500), Malta (500) and the UK (1,300).
In 2010, labour inspectors and the police in the Slovak Republic cooperated
on carrying out a series of inspections regarding the compliance of road
transport companies and their employees with the regulations governing the
working conditions  of drivers. Working conditions in the road transport
sector (passengers and goods) are provided for under Act No. 462/2007 Coll.