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  • Article
    8 januar 2014

    Public sector reforms in Greece began long before the country’s first
    bailout package was negotiated with the Troika in the spring of 2010
    (*GR1202019I* [1]). However, the reforms continued as part of Greece’s
    obligations under the terms of the loan negotiated with the European Union
    (EU [2]), the International Monetary Fund (IMF [3]) and the European Central
    Bank (ECB [4]), and a target was set to retire or dismiss 25,000 public
    servants by the end of 2014. As part of this process, 12,500 were to be
    placed in ‘non-active’ or ‘mobility’ status by the end of 2013, and a
    further 12,500 by the end of 2014. It is envisaged that many of these people
    would be re-employed in other positions, but a significant proportion will be


  • Article
    7 januar 2014

    The first findings of the 2011 UK Workplace Employment Relations Study,
    published in January 2013, present an authentic picture of employee
    representation, collective bargaining and consultation arrangements in
    British workplaces. They also throw an interesting light on the impact of the
    recession on workplaces, and practices relating to employees and employment
    relations. This report, which compares the situation with that of the 2004
    survey, also explores the impact of recent major policy initiatives.

  • Article
    7 januar 2014

    Negotiations to renew the sectoral collective agreement in Spain’s leather
    tanning sector began in January 2012. Almost two years later, agreement had
    still not been reached and negotiations were at a standstill.

  • NC
    7 januar 2014

    Disclaimer: This information is made available as a service to the public but has not been edited by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. The content is the responsibility of the authors.

    The crisis mainly affects young people up to 29 years of age while the measures adopted in the context of Memorandums 1, 2 and 3 abolish acquired rights and benefits of young workers.

  • Article
    6 januar 2014

    Following the financial collapse of Allied Irish Banks (AIB [1]) in 2009, the
    Irish government took control and now owns 99.8% of the bank. In early 2012,
    AIB and the Irish Bank Officials Association (IBOA [2]) entered a mediation
    process at the Labour Relations Commission (LRC [3]).


  • CAR
    6 januar 2014

    Young people in Europe have been particularly affected by the recession: by
    mid-2013, the unemployment rate among people aged 24 and under was over 23%.
    A large proportion of workers in this age group are employed on temporary
    rather than permanent contracts (42% compared to just 10% of workers aged
    25–64). While temporary or fixed-term contracts can be a stepping stone in
    the transition from education into work, they can also trap young people in
    insecure jobs. This report from the European Restructuring Monitor is based
    on data from correspondents in 28 EU Member States and Norway. It examines
    the reasons for the growth in temporary employment contracts across the EU
    and explores the situation regarding access to social protection for young
    people on such contracts. It reviews the measures put in place in various
    countries to regulate the use of these contracts – often with a view to
    encouraging the transition to standard contracts – and finally presents the
    opinions of the social partners on the issue.

  • Article
    6 januar 2014

    The results of Spain’s latest Quarterly Survey on Labour Costs (in Spanish)
    [1] have been released. The Spanish National Institute of Statistics (INE
    [2]) published the figures for the second quarter of 2013 in September.


  • Article
    6 januar 2014

    A report, Health and Work Safety in Romanian Food Industry (1.7MB PDF, in
    Romanian) [1] published by Romania’s National Federation of Food Industry
    Trade Unions (Sindalimenta [2]), examines how companies and workers in the
    sector have adapted to EU directives on occupational health and safety.



  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications