Browse publications

Latest publications

  • Article
    16 december 2013

    The French Labour Ministry’s annual report, Collective Bargaining 2012 (in
    French, 4.3MB PDF) [1], was published on 2 July 2013 at the National
    Commission of Collective Negotiations. The report shows that the number of
    collective agreements has increased at all levels except the national
    inter-professional level. The report also provides information on key issues
    and areas of concern, data on the number of agreements concluded and
    identifies trends in the issues addressed by collective bargaining.


  • Article
    16 december 2013

    The Draft law guaranteeing the future and justice of the pension system (in
    French) [1] was presented to France’s Council of Ministers on September 18.
    As requested by the President, François Hollande, it does not raise the
    statutory retirement age because it would disadvantage those who started work
    young, without going on to further education. Instead, financial balance in
    the pension system will be restored by extending the contribution period in
    both the private and public sectors.


  • Article
    16 december 2013

    The French vocational training system has been described by Labour Minister
    Michael Sapin as being in ‘a time-worn state’. Companies with 10 or more
    employees have, since the system was established1971, been compelled to
    contribute a percentage of their payroll costs to the financing of vocational
    training. As shown in the table, in 1991 this obligation was extended to
    businesses with fewer than 10 employees.

  • Article
    16 december 2013

    In Hungary, teaching has never been a well-paid profession. There have been
    no significant wage increases for some time, and in recent years working
    conditions have deteriorated, especially for those new to the profession.
    This is likely to be one of the reasons that many teachers move to new jobs,
    either in Hungary or abroad. In its 2012–2013 programme, the government set
    out a clear plan to increase teachers’ wages, improve working conditions
    and improve the quality of education. Rózsa Hoffmann, Secretary of State for
    Education, said:


  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications