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  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    After the publication of the reports on EMU by the expert working party
    commissioned by the Government and by the economists in the incomes policy
    assessment committee, the labour market organisations issued a statement on
    the impact of EMU on the Finnish labour market on 22 May 1997 (FI9705115N
    [1]). The most influential advocate of EMU is the President of Finland,
    Martti Ahtisaari who presented his views on the benefits of EMU for Finland
    in his speech at the 90th anniversary meeting of the Central Organisation of
    Finnish Trade Unions (SAK) on 24 May 1997.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/two-reports-published-on-the-industrial-relations-implications-of-emu-in-finland

  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    One of the first acts by the new French Prime Minister following his election
    in June 1997 was to consult with employers and unions prior to announcing his
    legislative programme. This move was greeted favourably by both employers and
    trade unions, though their aims are quite different. A national conference on
    pay, employment and working time is to be held in the autumn.

  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    After several months of negotiations involving various local and central
    government agencies, a long struggle for jobs at Grundig came to an end in
    May 1997. In a region where workers reject job mobility, the only remaining
    recourse is the courts and political channels. Dialogue between the board of
    directors and workers' representatives has proved unsuccessful.

  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    In Austria's "pay-as-you-go" pensions system, 22.75% of an individual's
    monthly wage cost goes to pension insurance. There is a cap at a certain
    monthly income - currently ATS 41,400 - which is raised annually. The gap
    between contributions and benefits is covered from the federal budget. In
    1996, ATS 30,000 million had to be covered by the budget in the employees'
    scheme, which has 1.5 million pensioners, and ATS 25,500 million in the
    self-employment and agricultural schemes, which has 345,000 pensioners. The
    overall contribution from the federal budget is forecast to rise from ATS
    55,500 million in 1996 to over ATS 80,000 million by the year 2001. In its
    recently-announced budget plans, the Government is aiming to save ATS 16,000
    million in contributions to the national pension insurance schemes over the
    two years 1998 and 1999.

  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    At the end of May 1997, the Foreign Secretary, Robin Cook, signalled the
    Government's intention of supporting new employment provisions in the
    revision of the EU Treaty. He argued that initiatives to increase levels of
    employment within the EU should have equal weight with the financial criteria
    to be decided for Economic and Monetary Union. Believing that tackling
    unemployment is a number one priority, Mr Cook also said "that is why we will
    support an employment chapter within the treaty of the EU."

  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    In the first ballot for the chair of the federal executive committee of the
    teachers' trade union, Gewerkschaft Erziehung und Wissenschaft (GEW), held
    among congress delegates on 26 May 1997, Dieter Wunder, chair since 1981,
    surprisingly and unexpectedly failed to reach the necessary absolute
    majority, although no rival candidate had been nominated. Mr Wunder
    subsequently stood down as a candidate for the second ballot. It was the
    first time that a trade union affiliated to the German Trade Union Federation
    (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund, DGB) had rejected the re-election of its chair
    in such a way. After the results of the first ballot became public, the
    congress was interrupted for several hours. During the previous months, there
    had been considerable and controversial internal discussions on the
    relationship between the federal executive committee and the executive
    committees of regional GEW branches, as well as on leadership, trade union
    ideologies and GEW strategies. Many delegates asserted that they wanted to
    teach Mr Wunder a lesson, though it was not their intention to vote him out.

  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    New figures presented in the revised national Budget in May 1997 show that
    employment in Norway has increased faster than earlier estimates predicted,
    and that unemployment is continuously decreasing. Growth in prices and wages
    is expected to be moderate for both 1997 and 1998.

  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    In May 1997, the Italian Government proposed emergency measures to modify the
    pensions system in view of the entry criteria for EU Economic and Monetary
    Union (EMU), causing particular problems in the schools sector.

  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    In his inaugural address to the National Assembly on 19 June 1997, France's
    new Prime Minister, Lionel Jospin, said nothing to clarify his position on
    the privatisation programme planned by the outgoing Government.

  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    During May-June 1997, Portuguese trade unions took part in the rallies and
    days of action organised throughout the countries of the European Union in
    order to emphasise work and employment as prime concerns for future European
    policies

Series

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

Forthcoming publications