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  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    A traditional characteristic of Sweden's trade union movement has been that,
    with rare exceptions, the unions do not compete with each other for members.
    It is true that there is a revolutionary syndicalist union that organises all
    categories of workers, but it is no real competitor to the others. So if a
    worker wants to join a union, it has often been more or less self-evident
    which organisation he or she should belong to. For example a blue-collar
    worker in the paper industry would apply for membership of thePaper Workers'
    Union, a non-graduate white-collar worker in the same enterprise would join
    the Union for Clerical and Technical Employees in Industry (SIF) while the
    company's graduate engineers would belong to the Association of Graduate
    Engineers (CF). The employer is thus bound by different collective agreements
    for different categories of employees.

  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    The European framework agreement on part-time work was formally signed on 6
    June 1997 (EU9706131F [1]) by the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC),
    the Union of Industrial and Employers' Confederations of Europe (UNICE) and
    the European Centre of Enterprises with Public Participation and of
    Enterprises of General Economic Interest (CEEP). The stated purpose of the
    agreement is to remove discrimination against part time workers, improve the
    quality of part-time jobs and facilitate part-time work on a voluntary basis.
    The European Commission will propose a Directive implementing the agreement
    to the Council of Ministers later this year.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/social-partners-reach-framework-agreement-on-part-time-work

  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    On 6 June 1997, the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC), the Union of
    Industrial and Employers' Confederations of Europe (UNICE) and the European
    Centre of Enterprises with Public Participation and of Enterprises of General
    Economic Interest (CEEP) formally signed a European framework agreement on
    part-time work, in the presence of social affairs Commissioner Padraig Flynn,
    Dutch Prime Minister Wim Kok and Dutch Social Affairs Minister Ad Melkert.
    The agreement seeks to establish a general framework for the elimination of
    discrimination against part-time workers, and hopes to contribute towards the
    development of opportunities for part-time working on a basis which is
    acceptable to employers and workers alike. The agreement is the result of
    nine months of intense negotiation, during which success did not always
    appear likely.

  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    On 3 June 1997, after three months of negotiations, the chemical workers'
    union, IG Chemie, and the sectoral employers' association,
    Bundesarbeitgeberverband Chemie (BAVC), agreed on the introduction of a new
    "opening clause" in the national pay framework agreement
    (Bundesentgelttarifvertrag) which covers about 590,000 workers in the west
    German chemicals industry. The opening clause provides for the introduction
    of a "wage corridor" which, under certain circumstances, allows companies to
    reduce the collectively agreed wage by up to 10% for a limited period of
    time.

  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    The new industry-wide agreement for the Italian construction sector, signed
    in June 1997, includes provisions on pay, local bargaining, occupational
    pensions and combating undeclared work.

  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    On 3 June 1997, an agreement was finally reached between the Generalitat
    (Catalonia's autonomous regional government) and the central Government in
    Spain to transfer part of the management of the National Institute of
    Employment (INEM) to the Catalan regional administration. A historic demand
    that has been made for over 15 years has thus been satisfied. For the central
    Government, the transfer of INEM to Catalonia is a "pilot scheme" that will
    serve as a basis for the transfer of powers in this field to other autonomous
    communities such as Galicia and the Basque Country.

  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    A new collective agreement was concluded in May 1997 for Luxembourg's banking
    sector. In contrast to the previous 1993 agreement, the accord was signed by
    all the main trade unions in the sector.

  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    On 10 June 1997, Renault management announced the appointment of an
    independent expert who will evaluate, on an economic basis, the potential
    measures envisaged to "compensate for the inefficiency involved in the
    structure of Renault's production facilities".

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications