Publications

Browse publications

Latest publications

  • Article
    27 maaliskuu 1997

    In a Communication published in March 1997, the European Commission calls for
    the modernisation, adaptation and improvement of social protection systems in
    the member states. It argues that these systems, most of which were
    established decades ago, no longer conform with the changing economic and
    social conditions of today's society. The Commission sees a particular need
    for social protection systems, which currently account for 28% of total EU
    GDP, to be adapted to:

  • Article
    27 maaliskuu 1997

    The number of member companies of the Confederation of Norwegian Business and
    Industry (NHO) increased by around 2,000 during 1996. NHO aims for a further
    growth in membership towards the year 2000.

  • Article
    27 maaliskuu 1997

    The Government has published a working document, entitled "Maritime and ports
    policy at the approach of the 21st Century", for public debate. In the
    document it proposes a number of measures to deregulate dock work, and the
    National Federation of Dockers' Unions has criticised the lack of prior
    dialogue and is opposing the new proposals.

  • Article
    27 maaliskuu 1997

    The cause of the industrial unrest was the announcement by the ruling
    Conservative-Liberal coalition Government that it was planning to scale back
    annual subsidies for the - basically west - German hard coal (Steinkohle)
    industry dramatically. During the ensuing protests, Germany saw a human chain
    of more than 90 kilometres straight through the Ruhr coal heartland, and
    sympathy demonstrations from east German brown coal miners. Miners in the
    Ruhr and the Saar areas went on strike. Tens of thousands of miners took to
    the streets, occupied pits and town halls, and blocked roads as well as the
    Bonn headquarters of Chancellor Helmut Kohl's ruling Christian Democratic
    Party (CDU) and its coalition partner, the Free Democrat Party (FDP). In the
    days before the compromise, the protests of the rank and file seemed to get
    out of control of the miners' union, IG Bergbau und Energie (IGBE), and its
    chair, Hans Berger. For the first time in German post-war history, furious
    miners even entered the restricted area surrounding government buildings in
    Bonn where no public meetings or marches may be held. As an "act of
    solidarity with miners fighting for their existence" the Social Democratic
    Party (SPD) temporarily boycotted a meeting in which opposition and coalition
    politicians were discussing the reform of the German tax system. When the
    miners laid siege to Bonn, Chancellor Kohl temporarily put off talks with the
    union leaders to avoid having to negotiate under duress.

  • Article
    27 maaliskuu 1997

    The phenomenon of illegal immigration in Greece has taken on an ever more
    serious dimension. According to evidence from the Ministry of Public Order
    the number of foreign workers without a work permit is now around 400,000,
    and is expected to increase still further owing to the recent crises in
    Albania and Bulgaria. The main countries of origin are Albania, Poland,
    Bulgaria and Romania, as well as countries in Asia and Africa. However, there
    are also around 30,000 additional foreign nationals who originate from EU
    member states, and obtain a special written permit from the Ministry of
    Labour.

  • Article
    27 maaliskuu 1997

    In recent years there has been increasing public concern over what is widely
    viewed as the spiralling remuneration of company directors. At a time when
    companies are keen to promote pay schemes based on performance, too often the
    links between directors' pay and performance are viewed as non-existent. In a
    report on director's remuneration publicised in March 1997, the IOD is keen
    to set the record straight. It argues that, although it recognises that
    directors' pay in the largest companies has been on average high, it has been
    relatively modest for those directors who work for small to medium-sized
    enterprises. In fact, the median pay increase for this group of directors in
    1996 was 4%, the equivalent of the increase in average earnings for all
    employees in that year.

  • Article
    27 maaliskuu 1997

    One of the keenest debates in industrial relations in Europe is the
    relationship between the institutional structure of the labour market and
    economic performance and, in particular, the contribution of the wage
    determination process to national competitiveness. Considerable attention has
    focused on European economies, like Germany and Sweden, whose traditionally
    centralised and coordinated bargaining systems have come under significant
    pressures in recent years. The case of Ireland has attracted less attention.

  • Article
    27 maaliskuu 1997

    A current bill amending the 1971 Works Councils Act has focused attention on
    the increasingly important role played by Dutch works councils in the
    negotiation of terms of employment. However, although the function of the
    trade unions is being somewhat eroded, even in the area of determining
    primary terms of employment, the traditional division of roles between unions
    and works councils has remained fundamentally intact.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications