Social mobility in the EU

Report
Published
19 April 2017
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Executive summary in 22 languages

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Resumo

EU citizens are increasingly concerned that today’s young people will have fewer opportunities for upward social mobility than their parents’ generation. This report maps patterns of intergenerational social mobility in the EU countries. It first looks at absolute social mobility – how societies Read more

EU citizens are increasingly concerned that today’s young people will have fewer opportunities for upward social mobility than their parents’ generation. This report maps patterns of intergenerational social mobility in the EU countries. It first looks at absolute social mobility – how societies have changed in terms of structural and occupational change and societal progress. Then it turns to relative social mobility (‘social fluidity’) – the opportunities for individuals to move between occupational classes. The story of recent social mobility is explored using data from the European Social Survey (ESS) and findings from Eurofound’s Network of European correspondents across the EU Member States. The report also analyses the current policy discourse, examining to what extent social mobility has been visible on the policy agenda in different Member States and how it has been framed and discussed. It goes on to look at barriers to equal opportunities and policies to promote it. Finally, it focuses on developments in the last decade that could foster social mobility in childhood and early education, school and tertiary education, and the labour market. 

Social mobility in the EU: Annexes 1 to 4

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Formats

  • Full report

    Number of Pages: 
    90
    Reference No: 
    EF1664
    ISBN: 
    978-92-897-1577-5
    Catalogue: 
    TJ-01-17-286-EN-N
    DOI: 
    10.2806/420671
    Catalogue info

    Social mobility in the EU

    EU citizens are increasingly concerned that today’s young people will have fewer opportunities for upward social mobility than their parents’ generation. This report maps patterns of intergenerational social mobility in the EU countries. It first looks at absolute social mobility – how societies have changed in terms of structural and occupational change and societal progress. Then it turns to relative social mobility (‘social fluidity’) – the opportunities for individuals to move between occupational classes. The story of recent social mobility is explored using data from the European Social Survey (ESS) and findings from Eurofound’s Network of European correspondents across the EU Member States.

    Available formats

  • Executive summary

    Reference No: 
    EF16641
    Catalogue info

    A mobilidade social na UE

    Authors: 
    Eurofound

    Os cidadãos da UE estão cada vez mais preocupados com o facto de os jovens de hoje terem menos oportunidades de mobilidade social ascendente do que a geração dos seus pais. O presente relatório faz o ponto da situação dos padrões de mobilidade social intergeracional nos países da UE. Em primeiro lugar, aborda a mobilidade social absoluta – o modo como as sociedades se modificaram em termos estruturais, profissionais e ao nível dos progressos na sociedade. Trata, seguidamente, da mobilidade social relativa («fluidez social») – as oportunidades de os indivíduos se movimentarem entre classes profissionais. A narrativa da mobilidade social recente é explorada a partir de dados do Inquérito Social Europeu (ESS) e de conclusões da Rede Eurofound de correspondentes europeus em todos os Estados-Membros da UE. O relatório analisa igualmente o discurso político atual, examinando em que medida a mobilidade social tem sido visível na agenda política em diferentes Estados-Membros e como tem sido enquadrada e discutida. Prossegue, analisando as barreiras à igualdade de oportunidades e às políticas que a promovem. Por último, centra-se em aspetos da evolução ao longo da última década que poderiam promover a mobilidade social na infância e no ensino básico, secundário e superior, bem como no mercado de trabalho.

    Available in 22 languages for download

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