Living conditions and quality of life

Addressing household over-indebtedness

Report
Published
12 March 2020
pdf
Formatos
Executive summary in 22 languages
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Principais conclusões

  • In 2016, 14% of people (EU28) reported not being able to make scheduled payments related to rent or mortgages, consumer credit, loans from family or friends, or utility or telephone bills. If those with difficulty making ends meet – but without any arrears – are included, 21% risk being over-indebted.
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  • In 2016, 14% of people (EU28) reported not being able to make scheduled payments related to rent or mortgages, consumer credit, loans from family or friends, or utility or telephone bills. If those with difficulty making ends meet – but without any arrears – are included, 21% risk being over-indebted.
  • Over-indebtedness is on the increase again in some countries and population groups.
  • People aged 25–49 years are most at risk. A smaller group of over-indebted people aged 65+ experience greater financial problems and lower mental well-being.
  • While policymakers often focus on mortgage or consumer debts with financial institutions, debt problems in low-income groups often relate to non-payment of utility or telephone bills, rent, taxes or fines, debts with friends, or healthcare costs. Policymakers interested in early intervention should not overlook this.
  • If over-indebtedness is not addressed in an appropriate and timely way, there are negative consequences for affected individuals and households, as well as for society as a whole. Issues arising from over-indebtedness can include mental and physical health problems, as well as unemployment and inactivity.
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Resumo

The issue of over-indebtedness continues to be a concern, particularly among some population groups and in Member States where recent increases can be observed. This report provides an overview of the main causes, triggers and consequences of household over-indebtedness, including the costs to soRead more

The issue of over-indebtedness continues to be a concern, particularly among some population groups and in Member States where recent increases can be observed. This report provides an overview of the main causes, triggers and consequences of household over-indebtedness, including the costs to society. It then examines two policy responses in the EU and Norway: debt advisory services and debt settlement procedures. While the findings show that in the wake of the global financial crisis, such services and procedures have generally become more widely available and accessible, gaps remain. The overall aim of the report is to draw the attention of national and EU-level policymakers to ways to improve policy responses to household over-indebtedness.

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Formatos

  • Relatório

    Número de páginas: 
    68
    N.º de referência: 
    EF19044
    ISBN: 
    978-92-897-2057-1
    N.º do catálogo: 
    TJ-01-20-099-EN-N
    DOI: 
    10.2806/25005
    Catalogue info

    Addressing household over-indebtedness

    This report addresses the problem of household over-indebtedness, which is broadly defined as being unable to make payments related to regular commitments.

    Formatos

    Cite esta publicação: 

    Eurofound (2020), Addressing household over-indebtedness, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.

  • Executive summary

    N.º de referência: 
    EF19044EN1
    Catalogue info

    Combater o sobre-endividamento das famílias

    Autor(es): 
    Eurofound

    A questão do sobre-endividamento continua a ser motivo de preocupação, especialmente entre certos grupos da população e em Estados-Membros onde se observou recentemente um aumento deste fenómeno. Este relatório apresenta uma visão geral das principais causas e consequências do sobre-endividamento das famílias e dos seus principais determinantes, incluindo os custos para a sociedade. Analisa, em seguida, duas respostas políticas a este fenómeno na UE e na Noruega: os serviços de aconselhamento em matéria de dívida e os procedimentos de liquidação da dívida. Embora os resultados demonstrem que, na sequência da crise financeira mundial, estes serviços e procedimentos se tornaram mais amplamente disponíveis e acessíveis, continua a haver lacunas. O objetivo geral do relatório é chamar a atenção dos decisores políticos a nível nacional e da UE para formas de melhorar as respostas políticas ao sobre-endividamento das famílias.

    Disponível para descarregamento em 22 línguas

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  • Tables and graphs

    Tables

    Table 1: Debt advisory services in the EU28 and Norway, 2019
    Table 2: Illustrations of user numbers of debt advisory services, 2008–2018
    Table 3: Debt settlement procedures for over-indebted people, EU28 and Norway, 2019
    Table 4: Debt settlement procedure usage data, 2005–2018

    Figures

    Figure 1: Proportion of people aged 18+ at risk of over-indebtedness: arrears* or difficulties making ends meet, 2016, by Member State and EU28 (%)
    Figure 2: Proportion of people with arrears, by income quartile and type of arrears, 2016, EU28 (%)
    Figure 3: Proportion of people with arrears, by age group and type of arrears, 2016, EU28 (%)
    Figure 4: People with arrears, reporting great difficulties making ends meet and the WHO-5, by age group, 2016
    Figure 4a: Proportion of people with any arrears, reporting great difficulties making ends meet by age group, 2016, EU28 (%)
    Figure 4b: WHO-5 score by age group of people with any arrears, 2016, EU28 (max. 100)
    Figure 5: Proportion of households with arrears in mortgage or rent, utility bills and hire purchase instalments, 2010–2017, EU28 (%)
    Figure 6: Availability of debt advice in the EU28, 2019

A investigação realizada antes da saída do Reino Unido da União Europeia, em 31 de janeiro de 2020, e posteriormente publicada, pode incluir dados relativos aos 28 Estados-Membros da UE. Após esta data, a investigação apenas tem em conta os 27 Estados-Membros da UE (UE28 menos o Reino Unido), salvo especificação em contrário.

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