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  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    Much comment has been passed on the changing gender composition of trade
    union membership in the UK (UK9712184F [1]) and recent membership figures
    underline these trends. The 1998 Labour Force Survey indicated that union
    membership amongst women had increased by 60,000 on the previous year. Union
    density amongst women in the UK has stabilised at 28%, and women make up
    almost 39% of the UK's total union membership.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/industrial-relations-undefined/the-trade-unionist-of-the-1990s

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    In August 1999, Dutch trade unions were angered by the latest evidence of
    increases in senior management salaries far above those awarded to employees
    covered by collective agreements, and the FNV union confederation thus
    threatened to sabotage the Dutch consensus and consultation system (the
    "polder model"). A promise by the VNO-NCW employers' association to urge its
    members to support a moderate wage increase has seemingly warded off the
    crisis.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    As Greece endured a heatwave during August 1999, the GSEE trade union
    confederation issued guidance on the measures which must be taken to combat
    heat exhaustion among workers, while the construction workers' union issued
    its own special recommendations.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    A new paper from the Irish Congress of Trade Unions (ICTU), which maps out
    "new ways" for trade unions to deal with challenges posed by the new
    millennium, suggests that even if the social partners fail to agree a
    centralised agreement to replace the current three-year Partnership 2000 [1]
    (P2000) national agreement (IE9702103F [2]), "partnership" remains a viable
    alternative to adversarialism. The paper, entitled /Challenges facing unions
    and Irish society in the new millennium/, was unveiled at the ICTU's
    two-yearly conference which took place in Killarney on 6-8 July 1999
    (IE9907285N [3]).

    [1] http://www.irlgov.ie/taoiseach/publication/p2000/default.htm
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/social-partners-agree-three-year-national-programme
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/ictu-conference-sets-scene-for-talks-on-new-deal

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    Historically, the German Social Democratic Party (Sozialdemokratische Partei
    Deutschlands, SPD) and the German socialist trade unions, as opposed to the
    Christian and liberal unions, have the same roots in the labour movement of
    the second half of the 19th century. Since then, the Social Democrats and the
    trade unions have maintained close links.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    The Norwegian government appointed new members to the Technical Calculating
    Committee on Income Settlements (Teknisk Beregningsutvalg for
    Inntektsoppgjørene, TBU) on 25 June 1999, an event which saw the inclusion
    of additional representatives from social partner organisations. The TBU is a
    body which works out a common analytical basis for wage settlements by, among
    other things, estimating wage growth and the wage "carry-over" in different
    sectors. The committee also provides evaluations of issues such as
    developments in real income and national competitiveness. The committee does
    not, however, comment on the coming wage settlements.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    The Danish Confederation of Trade Unions (Landsorganisationen i Danmark, LO)
    reportedly wants to change the fundamental structure of Danish industrial
    relations, according to a proposal which is still before the confederation's
    executive committee for approval. It seeks the abolition of the employers'
    right to direct and divide the work, enshrined in the basic agreement [1]
    (hovedaftalen) with the Danish Employers' Confederation (Dansk
    Arbejdsgiverforening, DA) which determines the fundamental rules of the
    labour market, as well as a wider revision of the agreement. The background
    to this proposal, entitled /Welfare is an obligation/, is that LO wants
    greater flexibility in industrial relations, whereby employees and employer
    at the individual workplace level would enter into a contract which
    determines the quantity of work the employees have to perform and the payment
    for this work. It is stated in the introduction to the proposal that "this
    contract should also deal with the working environment, social
    considerations, the division of profits etc. Accordingly, it would be up to
    the wage earners collectively to direct and divide the work and the payment".

    [1] http://www.denmarkemb.org/labor/lab12.htm

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    In early June 1999, British Steel and the Dutch steel producer Hoogovens
    announced their intention to merge in a deal valued at GBP 3.9 billion. The
    merged entity will be the largest steel firm in Europe and the third biggest
    in the world, producing 22.5 million tonnes of steel per year. As the larger
    of the two parties, British Steel's shareholders will hold a 61.7% stake in
    the new group, while those of Hoogovens, including the Dutch government, will
    hold the remainder. The merger follows other cross-border tie-ups in the
    European steel industry: Usinor of France has joined forces with
    Cockerill-Sambre of Belgium (BE9812158N [1]), while Arbed of Luxembourg and
    Aceralia of Spain have also merged.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/usinor-takes-over-cockerill-sambre-under-union-supervision

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications