Publications

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  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    In September 1999, Greece's GSEE trade union confederation presented a
    proposal calling for higher unemployment benefits. Despite legislative
    provisions that the daily rate of benefit should not fall below two-thirds of
    the average level of unskilled workers' wages, it is now worth less than
    half.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    The Bank of Ireland and Ulster Bank, two of Ireland's largest banks, have
    concluded deals with the Irish Bank Officials' Association (IBOA) trade union
    on special "Millennium payments" for time worked on Millennium eve, 31
    December 1999, and the subsequent weekend. While the payments are largely
    aimed at information technology (IT) staff required to monitor the computer
    problems associated with the year 2000 "Millennium bug" (whereby some
    computers will be unable to deal with the change in date), they will apply to
    any non-IT staff who may also be needed. These are the among first agreements
    of significance to be negotiated in the Republic in advance of the Millennium
    weekend (IE9905279N [1]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/workers-submit-millennium-working-claims

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    Over August and September 1999, trade unions and employers aired their views
    on Spain's forthcoming state Budget for 2000. Employers' proposals included a
    call for a cut in social security contributions, while employers focused on
    issues such as unemployment cover and pension increases. The government has
    largely maintained its positions, though apparently some concessions will be
    made.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    In August 1999, a new coalition government took office in Luxembourg,
    following the general election in June. The change of administration is
    unlikely to herald any fundamental change in direction as regards employment
    law, though the new government will seek to encourage capital- and
    profit-sharing by employees. There will also be a review of civil servants'
    pay.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    A report entitled Survey evidence on wage rigidity and unemployment: Sweden
    in the 1990s [1] was presented on 29 June 1999. The study is based on two
    surveys, one conducted in 1991, the other in 1998, aiming to explore among
    managers from 157 companies in the Swedish manufacturing industry how a
    severe macroeconomic shock affects wage rigidity and unemployment. The
    research was carried out by two economists, Jonas Agell and Peter Lundborg,
    and funded by the Swedish government's Office of Labour Market Policy
    Evaluation (Institutet för arbetsmarknadspolitisk utvärdering, IFAU). In
    1998, when the second survey was conducted, the unemployment rate was much
    higher and the inflation rate much lower than when the first survey was
    carried out in 1991.

    [1] http://www.ifau.se/swe/pdf/agellwp.pdf

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    Since 1998, all EU Member States are obliged to draw up annual National
    Action Plans (NAP s) for employment (EU9805107N [1]) based on the EU's
    Employment Guidelines. Member States submitted NAPs for 1999 during summer
    1999, analysing implementation of the 1998 Plans and describing the policy
    adjustments made to incorporate the changes introduced by the 1999 Employment
    Guidelines [2] (EU9810130F [3]). Austria is no exception (AT9802164F [4]) and
    its 1999 NAP [5] was issued in June 1999.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/national-action-plans-for-employment-reviewed
    [2] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/empl&esf/empl99/guide_en.htm
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/draft-employment-guidelines-for-1999-emphasise-continuity
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/austria-draws-up-national-action-plan-on-employment
    [5] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/empl&esf/naps99/napau_en.pdf

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    Negotiations between the Swedish Road Transport Employer's Association
    (Biltrafikens Arbetsgivarförbund, BA), and the Swedish Transport Worker's
    Union (Svenska Transportarbetareförbundet, Transport) over a new collective
    agreement for taxi drivers and taxi telephone exchange operators finally
    failed on 8 August 1999. On 17 August, Transport gave notice to the taxi-cab
    companies of a blockade of all passenger traffic, including related work at
    the taxi telephone exchanges, to and from the largest Swedish airports -
    Arlanda and Bromma (Stockholm), Landvetter (Gothenburg) and Sturup (Malmö).
    If the subsequent mediation process is not successful, the blockade was due
    to start in the night of 2-3 September 1999. At the time of writing (late
    August) nothing had been reported so far on the work of the two mediators.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    In July 1999, the Finnish social partners reached an agreement on some major
    reforms to early retirement and pensions. These reforms, together with the
    programme for older workers and the third stage of a scheme to fund adult
    training out of unemployment insurance, aim to increase the average
    retirement age step by step.

Series

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications

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