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  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    A report entitled Survey evidence on wage rigidity and unemployment: Sweden
    in the 1990s [1] was presented on 29 June 1999. The study is based on two
    surveys, one conducted in 1991, the other in 1998, aiming to explore among
    managers from 157 companies in the Swedish manufacturing industry how a
    severe macroeconomic shock affects wage rigidity and unemployment. The
    research was carried out by two economists, Jonas Agell and Peter Lundborg,
    and funded by the Swedish government's Office of Labour Market Policy
    Evaluation (Institutet för arbetsmarknadspolitisk utvärdering, IFAU). In
    1998, when the second survey was conducted, the unemployment rate was much
    higher and the inflation rate much lower than when the first survey was
    carried out in 1991.

    [1] http://www.ifau.se/swe/pdf/agellwp.pdf

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    On 21 July 1999, the general council of the Trades Union Congress (TUC)
    pledged its support for a campaign [1] organised by the Transport and General
    Workers' Union (TGWU) to try to win reinstatement for 270 workers sacked in
    November 1998 by the Lufthansa-owned airline catering company Skychefs.

    [1] http://www.tgwu.org.uk/news/support_skychefs.htm

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    After eight months of difficult negotiations, on 8 June 1999, Fim-Cisl,
    Fiom-Cgil and Uilm-Uil, the metalworkers' unions belonging to the three main
    trade union confederations, and the employers' associations Federmeccanica
    and Assistal accepted a mediation proposal put forward by the Minister of
    Labour, aimed at concluding the renewal of the collective agreement for the
    Italian metalworking industry. During June and July, the procedure for
    approval of the agreement involved consultation of trade union members on the
    Ministry of Labour's proposal, and a referendum of all workers on the text of
    the agreement agreed by the parties in June. In both consultations, the
    majority of votes were cast in favour of the agreement, which opened the way
    for its definitive signing.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In July 1999, four weeks of strike action by 130 midwives ended when members
    of the midwives' trade union (Den almindelige Danske Jordmoderforening, DADJ)
    voted by a large majority to accept the collective agreement which DADJ had
    negotiated with the Association of County Authorities (Amtsrådsforeningen)
    and Copenhagen's joint hospital administration (Hovedstadens
    Sygehusfællesskab, HS). More than 60% of the union's members voted in the
    ballot and more than 71% of those voting were in favour of the proposed
    agreement.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In late May 1999, the VOO parents' organisation proposed implementing a
    four-day working week in Dutch primary education as the only plausible way to
    reduce working time in the sector. The issue of how to cope with ongoing
    working time cuts at a time of teacher shortages has caused concern in
    parliament, while one parents' association has unsuccessfully challenged in
    the courts a school's decision to introduce a four-day week every other week.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    The new President of the European Commission, Romano Prodi- chosen by the EU
    Member States and approved by the European Parliament- announced his new
    19-member team of Commissioners on 9 July 1999, by common accord with the
    Member States. The first meeting of the proposed new-look Commission took
    place on 16 July. Few of the sitting Commissioners survived the shake-out
    following the allegations of irregularities which had beset the outgoing
    administration. On announcing his team, Mr Prodi said that: "when I accepted
    the job of Commission President, I promised to launch a new era of change in
    the Commission. The Commission needs it. The European Parliament and Member
    States have asked for it. The European public has urged us to carry it out.
    This is what I intend to deliver, starting from today.".

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    Following legislation adopted in May 1999, Portugal's legal regime on
    collective redundancies has been adopted to bring it fully into line with the
    1992 EU collective redundancies Directive. Furthermore, the law abolishes a
    previous rule that a worker who has accepted redundancy compensation cannot
    legally challenge the redundancy.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    General elections were held in Belgium on 13 June 1999, resulting in the
    defeat of the incumbent Christian Democrat/Socialist coalition. Negotiations
    then began at federal and community levels on creating a so-called "rainbow"
    coalition government. For the first time in its post-war history, Belgium
    will be ruled by a political majority of Liberals, Socialists and Greens,
    with the Christian Democrats being left on the sidelines.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In July 1999, management and trade unions at the RATP Parisian public
    transport network reached an agreement on the means by which the company will
    move to the 35-hour working week.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications