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  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    The Norwegian government appointed new members to the Technical Calculating
    Committee on Income Settlements (Teknisk Beregningsutvalg for
    Inntektsoppgjørene, TBU) on 25 June 1999, an event which saw the inclusion
    of additional representatives from social partner organisations. The TBU is a
    body which works out a common analytical basis for wage settlements by, among
    other things, estimating wage growth and the wage "carry-over" in different
    sectors. The committee also provides evaluations of issues such as
    developments in real income and national competitiveness. The committee does
    not, however, comment on the coming wage settlements.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    The Danish Confederation of Trade Unions (Landsorganisationen i Danmark, LO)
    reportedly wants to change the fundamental structure of Danish industrial
    relations, according to a proposal which is still before the confederation's
    executive committee for approval. It seeks the abolition of the employers'
    right to direct and divide the work, enshrined in the basic agreement [1]
    (hovedaftalen) with the Danish Employers' Confederation (Dansk
    Arbejdsgiverforening, DA) which determines the fundamental rules of the
    labour market, as well as a wider revision of the agreement. The background
    to this proposal, entitled /Welfare is an obligation/, is that LO wants
    greater flexibility in industrial relations, whereby employees and employer
    at the individual workplace level would enter into a contract which
    determines the quantity of work the employees have to perform and the payment
    for this work. It is stated in the introduction to the proposal that "this
    contract should also deal with the working environment, social
    considerations, the division of profits etc. Accordingly, it would be up to
    the wage earners collectively to direct and divide the work and the payment".

    [1] http://www.denmarkemb.org/labor/lab12.htm

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    In early June 1999, British Steel and the Dutch steel producer Hoogovens
    announced their intention to merge in a deal valued at GBP 3.9 billion. The
    merged entity will be the largest steel firm in Europe and the third biggest
    in the world, producing 22.5 million tonnes of steel per year. As the larger
    of the two parties, British Steel's shareholders will hold a 61.7% stake in
    the new group, while those of Hoogovens, including the Dutch government, will
    hold the remainder. The merger follows other cross-border tie-ups in the
    European steel industry: Usinor of France has joined forces with
    Cockerill-Sambre of Belgium (BE9812158N [1]), while Arbed of Luxembourg and
    Aceralia of Spain have also merged.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/usinor-takes-over-cockerill-sambre-under-union-supervision

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    The Services, Industrial, Professional and Technical Union (SIPTU), Ireland's
    largest trade union, is in the process of establishing its own internal
    employee forum which is separate from the traditional industrial relations
    processes within the union. The role of SIPTU's staff representative council,
    which deals with industrial relations issues such as pay and conditions, is
    to remain unchanged.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    On 20 April 1999, the first senate of the German Federal Labour Court
    (Bundesarbeitsgericht, BAG) issued a judgment (/1 ABR 72/98/) which
    acknowledged the right of trade unions to bring court cases against employers
    which they accuse of operating a company arrangement that contravenes a
    collective agreement in force. In July 1999, the BAG published a
    comprehensive written statement in which it sets out the reasons for its
    judgment. According to the statement, trade unions have the right to ask that
    employers cease an unlawful company arrangement in order to safeguard the
    unions' constitutional right to freedom of association [1]
    (Koalitionsfreiheit).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/freedom-of-association-right-to-organize-0

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    The Norwegian United Federation of Trade Unions (Fellesforbundet) and the
    Norwegian Society of Engineers (Norges Ingeniørforbund, NITO) have concluded
    an agreement to collaborate. Fellesforbundet is the largest member union in
    the private sector of the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions
    (Landsorganisasjonen i Norge, LO), and unionises among others blue-collar
    workers in large parts of manufacturing industry as well as the building and
    construction sector. NITO has approximately 45,000 members, 60% of whom work
    in the private sector. NITO is leaving its present confederation, the
    Confederation of Norwegian Professional Associations (Akademikernes
    Fellesorganisasjon, AF) at the end of 1999, and has so far not made clear its
    future confederal affiliation (NO9901111N [1]). It is doubtful that NITO
    regards LO as an option in this regard, although the cooperation agreement
    with Fellesforbundet shows an expressed willingness to strengthen its
    cooperation with LO in the private sector. The two organisations have
    cooperated on an informal basis for a long time.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/nito-board-recommends-leaving-af

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    Around 450 hospital orderlies and cleaners at three hospitals in the county
    of Frederiksborg went on strike on 16 August 1999 in protest against a
    proposal by the county council - headed by county mayor,Lars Lykke Rasmussen-
    that all hospital orderly and cleaning work should be put out to tender by
    private companies. The unofficial strike was a culmination of a long period
    of dissatisfaction with statements from counties and municipalities in the
    metropolitan area that they will outsource a large number of public tasks to
    the private sector to achieve budget cuts. The Danish Confederation of Trade
    Unions (Landsorganisationen Danmark, LO) organisation in the Copenhagen area
    stated that the outsourcing plans indicated disdain for the municipal and
    county employees and their performance over many years, and warned directly
    that labour disputes might occur.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    An agreement on teleworking was concluded in June 1999 between the
    state-owned Norwegian oil company Statoil and the Norwegian Oil and
    Petrochemical Workers Union (Norsk Olje- og Petrokjemisk Fagforbund, Nopef).

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    On 27 May 1999, negotiators for the Federation of Salaried Employees in
    Industry and Services (Privattjänstemannakartellen, PTK) - the bargaining
    cartel for white-collar workers' unions in the private sector - announced
    that they could not accept a final offer from the Swedish Employers'
    Confederation (Svenska arbetsgivareföreningen, SAF) on a new "contribution
    pension" agreement. This agreement would have replaced the existing agreement
    on the supplementary pension scheme for salaried employees in industry and
    services (Industrins och handelns tilläggspensionför tjänstemän,ITP). The
    negotiations over a new collective agreement on the ITP had been continuing
    on off for almost five years, since 1994, and they failed because the trade
    unions could not come to an understanding among themselves. Two of the
    leading unions within PTK, representing more than half of the 620,000
    employees covered by the ITP scheme, refused to accept. The other 26 unions
    within the cartel decided, after long discussions, to follow this refusal,
    although they had initially accepted the offer. The dissenting unions were
    the Union for Technical and Clerical Employees in Industry (Svenska
    Industritjänstemannaförbundet, SIF) and the Association of Management and
    Professional Staff (Ledarna).

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications

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