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  • Article
    27 Marzo 1997

    The phenomenon of illegal immigration in Greece has taken on an ever more
    serious dimension. According to evidence from the Ministry of Public Order
    the number of foreign workers without a work permit is now around 400,000,
    and is expected to increase still further owing to the recent crises in
    Albania and Bulgaria. The main countries of origin are Albania, Poland,
    Bulgaria and Romania, as well as countries in Asia and Africa. However, there
    are also around 30,000 additional foreign nationals who originate from EU
    member states, and obtain a special written permit from the Ministry of

  • Article
    27 Marzo 1997

    One of the keenest debates in industrial relations in Europe is the
    relationship between the institutional structure of the labour market and
    economic performance and, in particular, the contribution of the wage
    determination process to national competitiveness. Considerable attention has
    focused on European economies, like Germany and Sweden, whose traditionally
    centralised and coordinated bargaining systems have come under significant
    pressures in recent years. The case of Ireland has attracted less attention.

  • Article
    27 Marzo 1997

    On 26 February 1997, the French Cabinet adopted a bill aiming at rebuilding
    social cohesion, which is to be debated in the National Assembly some time in
    April 1997.

  • Article
    27 Marzo 1997

    On 27 February 1997, a company-wide employment alliance (Beschäftigungspakt)
    was signed at the automobile manufacturer Mercedes Benz. A whole package of
    instruments should boost competitiveness and save the jobs of the 134,000
    employees working for Mercedes Benz in Germany. The background to the
    agreement is the increasing international competition between different
    potential production locations, and the resulting need to cut costs.

  • Article
    27 Marzo 1997

    Law 21/96, which aims to reduce the working week to 40 hours, has given rise
    to labour disputes in certain sectors and some controversial statements. An
    official communication released by the Secretary of State for Employment in
    March attempts to shed light on the areas of concern.

  • Article
    27 Marzo 1997

    The campaign is the latest in a series of political initiatives aimed at
    improving the Danish vocational training system. Throughout the second half
    of the 1990s, the Danish Government has reformed the system by increasing its
    market and demand orientation, accompanied by increased financial allowances
    for employees attending training. In the 1997 Financial Act, expenditure to
    support companies undertaking projects aimed at planning vocational training
    activities was raised from DKK 40 million to DKK 65 million. A further sum of
    DDK 105 million is available to support companies which wish to improve
    working life.

  • Article
    27 Marzo 1997

    When the Social Democrat Government presented its bill on a new, general
    unemployment insurance (prop 1996/97:107) on 13 March 1997 it had already
    secured a parliamentary majority for the proposal through negotiations with
    the Centre Party. It had also secured the support of the two major trade
    union confederations,LO (Landsorganisationen) and TCO (Tjänstemännens
    Centralorganisation) despite the fact that the two confederations were not
    entirely enamoured with the proposals.

  • Article
    27 Marzo 1997

    On 10 March, after 11 hours of talks, a "historic deal" was reached for
    public sector council workers. The agreement, covering 1.5 million workers,
    will harmonise conditions for manual worker s and white collar worker s in
    local government for the first time.

  • Article
    27 Marzo 1997

    The European Commission has published its amended proposal for a Council
    Directive amending Directive 77/187/EEC on the safeguarding of employees'
    rights in the event of transfers of undertakings. The amended proposal
    reflects the Opinions submitted by the Economic and Social Committee and the
    Committee of the Regions, as well as the many amendments put forward by the
    European Parliament. Soon after the publication of the amended draft, the
    Commission also issued a Memorandum on the interpretation of the Directive
    (Record EU9703109F [1])



  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications