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  • Article
    27 April 1997

    On 9 April 1997, the airline company Deutsche Lufthansa AG, the Union for
    Public Services, Transport and Communication (Gewerkschaft Öffentliche
    Dienste, Transport und Verkehr, ÖTV) and the German Salaried Employees'
    Union (Deutsche Angestelltengewerkschaft, DAG) concluded a package deal,
    which ended months of industrial action. The DAG agreed to be covered by the
    Lufthansa-ÖTV collective agreements signed in October 1996. Furthermore, the
    deal provides for an increase in the profit-sharing bonus of DEM 100 and an
    overtime pay rise for cockpit employees. From September 1997, the trade
    unions have the right to terminate the wage agreements in the event that
    Lufthansa does not keep special rules which were jointly established. In
    addition, Lufthansa, the ÖTV and the DAG agreed on the continuation of the
    existing collective agreement which maintains the status quo for cabin crew,
    as well as the existing general agreement on pay grades for ground staff, for
    another three years.

  • Article
    27 April 1997

    Speaking at the Institute of European Affairs in Dublin, Padraig Flynn, the
    commissioner for employment, industrial relations and social affairs,
    outlined his priorities for the Intergovernmental Conference (IGC) and
    provided the audience with an update of the continuing negotiations leading
    up the Amsterdam summit in June (EU9704117F [1]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/progress-of-the-intergovernmental-conference

  • Article
    27 April 1997

    Over the past few months, the Governor of the Bank of Italy, Antonio Fazio,
    and the Abi banking employers' association have urged the Government to start
    negotiations with employers' associations and trade unions in order to deal
    with the problems linked to the low profitability of the Italian banking
    sector. High labour costs and redundancy are the main themes of debate. On 8
    April 1997, a first meeting took place between an Abi delegation and a
    ministerial group, which represented the official opening of negotiations
    that will also involve the trade unions in the near future.

  • Article
    27 March 1997

    On 19 March 1997, the European Commission launched the second stage of
    consultations with the social partners under the Maastricht Agreement on
    social policy on the proposal for an EU policy to counter sexual harassment
    at work. At this second stage, the social partners will be able to choose
    whether to go down the route of negotiation - leading to a framework
    agreement which can be given legal validity at the EU level. The alternative
    would be to submit their views in anticipation of a policy initiative
    emanating from the Commission.

  • Article
    27 March 1997

    In November 1996, the UK Government failed in its attempt to have the 1993
    Directive on certain aspects of the organisation of working time (93/104/EC)
    - which lays down specific requirements concerning weekly hours, holidays,
    shifts and other patterns of work - annulled by the ECJ. The DTI launched
    consultations with business organisations on implementation of the Directive
    in December 1996, and the process was completed in March 1997. The DTI is now
    analysing the responses, but is unlikely to produce the results until some
    time after the 1 May general election.

  • Article
    27 March 1997

    A working group set up by the Standing Committee of the European Central
    Banks' Trade Unions met in Ferreira do Zêzere in March, and issued a
    declaration relating to the rights of workers involved in the production and
    circulation of the Euro.

  • Article
    27 March 1997

    Following a strike call issued by French public service trade unions, a
    national day of action comprising strikes and demonstrations took place on 6
    March.

Series

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    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications