U izvješću se analizira uloga socijalnog dijaloga i kolektivnog pregovaranja u rješavanju izazova s kojima se suočavao sektor civilnog zrakoplovstva tijekom pandemije bolesti COVID-19. Uključenost socijalnih partnera u definiranje mjera uvedenih radi ublažavanja negativnih učinaka pandemije razlikuje se među europskim zemljama. Socijalni dijalog i kolektivno pregovaranje imali su istaknutu ulogu u većini zemalja, dok je u drugima njihova uloga bila više ograničena.
U ovom se izvješću analizira uloga socijalnog dijaloga i kolektivnog pregovaranja u rješavanju izazova u bolničkom sektoru koji su nastali ili se pogoršali zbog pandemije bolesti COVID-19. Također se istražuje jesu li postojeći socijalni dijalog i postupci kolektivnog pregovaranja na nacionalnoj razini prilagođeni rješavanju tih novih izazova. Istraživanje je uključivalo i pregled literature kako bi se kontekstualizirala strukturna obilježja bolničkog sektora i analizu političkih inicijativa za upravljanje krizom provedenih u 27 država članica EU-a i Norveškoj.
Ovo se izvješće provodi u kontekstu trogodišnjeg pilot-projekta (2021. – 2023.), „Uloga minimalne plaće u uspostavi univerzalnog jamstva za rad”, koji je Europska komisija povjerila Eurofoundu. Naglasak je na 3. modulu projekta, kojim se istražuju minimalne plaće i drugi oblici plaća za samozaposlene osobe. Zbog zahtjevnih uvjeta s kojima se suočavaju određene skupine samozaposlenih radnika pojedine su države članice uspostavile neke zakonske oblike minimalne plaće za određene kategorije samozaposlenih osoba ili raspravljaju o njihovu predlaganju.
Stroga javnozdravstvena ograničenja koja su vlade uvele 2020. radi kontrole pandemije bolesti COVID-19 naglo su promijenila radni vijek i nastavila su ga oblikovati tijekom sljedeće dvije godine. U razdoblju od ožujka do studenoga 2021. u 36 zemalja provedeno je više od 70 000 intervjua u okviru Europskog telefonskog istraživanja o radnim uvjetima (EWCTS), visokokvalitetnog istraživanja koje se temelji na vjerojatnosti. Cilj je bio pružiti detaljnu sliku radnog vijeka Europljana u tom izvanrednom razdoblju.
This study provides information allowing for an assessment of the representativeness of the actors involved in the European sectoral social dialogue committee for the Food and drink sector. Their relative representativeness legitimises their right to be consulted, their role and effective participation in the European sectoral social dialogue and their capacity to negotiate agreements. The aim of Eurofound’s studies on representativeness is to identify the relevant national and European social partner organisations in the field of industrial relations in the EU Member States.
U izvješću se ispituje razvoj povjerenja građana u institucije, uključujući nacionalne vlade, EU, znanosti i medije, tijekom pandemije bolesti COVID-19 2020. i 2021. Analizira se uloga medija, posebno odnos između upotrebe društvenih medija i povjerenja te učinka pogrešnih informacija (netočnih ili lažnih informacija) i dezinformacija (namjerno obmanjujućih informacija) tijekom razdoblja krize. Na temelju opsežnog pregleda literature u izvješću se opisuju posljedice mjera politike u vezi s bolešću COVID-19, s naglaskom na povjerenje građana u njihove nacionalne institucije i EU.
Kvaliteta institucija ključan je čimbenik u postizanju uzlazne gospodarske i socijalne konvergencije u EU-u, ima ključnu ulogu u rastu gospodarstva, privlačenju stranih ulaganja, osiguravanju provedbe politika i reformi te uspješnom pristupu sredstvima EU-a. Svrsishodnost javnih institucija trenutačno je posebno važna za provedbu programa NextGenerationEU jer bi loša kvaliteta institucija mogla spriječiti pristup sredstvima i ugroziti učinkovitost samog programa.
The EU Presidency of Czechia organised a high-level conference in October 2022 on ‘Tackling energy poverty: EU approach & sharing best practices’. The event aimed to bring different actors together in order to strengthen the dialogue on possible solutions on how to further tackle energy poverty in the EU. This background paper, prepared at the request of the Czech Presidency, aims to contribute to the debate.
This working paper investigates the practical implementation of the European Works Council (EWC) Directive at company level. It explores the challenges faced by existing EWCs and provides examples of solutions identified and remaining issues from the point of view of both workers and management. In addition, the paper looks at how EWCs meet the requirements of the EWC Directive in terms of establishing processes of information and consultation.
Europska tržišta rada snažno su se oporavila od pandemije bolesti COVID-19. Do kraja 2021., nešto više od 18 mjeseci nakon početka pandemije, stope zaposlenosti u EU-u bile su gotovo na razinama prije krize. U ovom su izvješću sažeto prikazana kretanja na tržištu rada 2020. i 2021. na temelju tromjesečnih podataka iz Ankete o radnoj snazi EU-a. Sastavljeno je iz strukturne perspektive, s naglaskom na podatcima na razini sektora i zanimanja te ključnim demografskim varijablama: spolnoj i dobnoj strukturi.
Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.
Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.
Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.
Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.
Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.
Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.
Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.
This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.
This report explores the association between skills use and skills strategies and establishment performance, and how other workplace practices, in terms of work organisation, human resources management and employee involvement, can impact on this. It looks at how skills shortages can be addressed, at least in part, by creating an environment in which employees are facilitated and motivated to make better use of the skills they already have. This further supports the business case for a more holistic approach to management.
This paper provides an analytical summary of state of the art academic and policy literature on the impact of climate change and policies to manage transitions to a carbon neutral economy on employment, working conditions, social dialogue and living conditions. It maps the key empirical findings around the impact of climate change and the green transitions on jobs, sectors, regions and countries in Europe, identifying the opportunities and risks that climate change policies bring to European labour markets.
In 2022, the European Semester was streamlined to integrate the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) established on 19 February 2021 (Regulation (EU) 2021/241). While facing the geopolitical and economic challenges triggered by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, Member States have been implementing the national Recovery and Resilience Plans (RRPs) for more than one year and around 100 billion euro in RRF funds have already been disbursed.
As economies emerge from the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, labour shortages are becoming increasingly evident. These include shortages exacerbated by the crisis in some sectors and professions where they had been endemic for some time. This report will look at measures implemented at national level to tackle labour shortages in the health, care and information and communications technology sectors, as well as those arising from the twin digital and green transitions.
This report explores the drivers of economic and social convergence in Europe, using a selected set of economic and social indicators to examine trends in the performance of individual Member States. It also investigates what role the Economic and Monetary Union plays in convergence, particularly in southern and eastern Member States. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on convergence is analysed and initial conclusions are drawn about the impact of EU recovery packages and their ability to prevent divergence.
As part of its response to Russia’s war on Ukraine, the EU swiftly activated its Temporary Protection Directive for those fleeing the conflict in Ukraine – enabling displaced persons to settle in the EU and have access to the labour market and basic public services. This policy brief highlights the main barriers encountered by these refugees (over 5 million people to date) when seeking a job and provides suggestions on how to facilitate their integration.
With the expansion of telework and different forms of hybrid work as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, it is important for policymakers to consider both the opportunities and the negative consequences that may result. This report will explore potential scenarios for such work. In doing so, it will identify trends and drivers, and predict how they might interact to create particular outcomes and how they are likely to affect workers and businesses. Policy pointers will outline what could be done to facilitate desirable outcomes and to avoid undesirable ones.
Living and working in Europe, Eurofound’s 2022 yearbook, provides a snapshot of the latest developments in the work and lives of Europeans as explored in the Agency’s research activities over the course of 2022. Eurofound’s research on working and living conditions in Europe provides a bedrock of evidence for input into social policymaking and achieving the Agency’s vision ‘to be Europe’s leading knowledge source for better life and work’.
The term ‘hybrid work’ became popular due to the upsurge of telework during the COVID-19 pandemic. The term has been increasingly used to refer to situations in which (teleworkable) work is performed both from the usual place of work (normally the employer’s premises) and from home (as experienced during the pandemic) or other locations. However, the concept of hybrid work is still blurry, and various meanings are in use. This topical update brings clarity to this concept by exploring available information from recent literature and the Network of Eurofound Correspondents.
Housing affordability is a matter of great concern across the EU. Poor housing affordability leads to housing evictions, housing insecurity, problematic housing costs and housing inadequacy. These problems negatively affect health and well-being, create unequal living conditions and opportunities, and come with healthcare costs, reduced productivity and environmental damage. Private market tenants face particularly large increases in the cost of housing.