Pension reforms, the threat of strikes in the public sector, the introduction of robots in the telecoms sector and examples of successful incentives to retain the country's workforce are the main topics of interest in this article.This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Croatia in the fourth quarter of 2018 .
The launch of a new mechanism for determining the minimum wage for 2019, the positions of social partners with respect to an increase in the minimum wage, a social security subsidy for younger workers, and general strikes in the public and private sectors are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Greece in the fourth quarter of 2018.
Protests against a new overtime law, discontent over public sector layoffs, and disagreement over the outcome of wage negotiations are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Hungary in the fourth quarter of 2018.
New legislation prohibiting zero-hour contracts in most circumstances, public sector pay disputes, and a survey on key pay and workplace trends are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Ireland in the fourth quarter of 2018.
A rise in the minimum wage and a new social dialogue draft law are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Romania in the fourth quarter of 2018.
The government setting a minimum wage without any social dialogue, the signed public sector wage agreement and a general strike for higher wages in the private sector are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Slovenia in the fourth quarter of 2018.
The rise of the gilets jaunes social movement, measures aimed at reducing the gender pay gap and the relationship between self-employed workers and digital platforms are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in France in the fourth quarter of 2018.
Industrial action over a proposal affecting dismissal protection, discussions on the future of the industrial relations landscape and social dialogue structures, and two announcements of trade union mergers are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Finland in the fourth quarter of 2018.
Establishment of a new national-level trade union and significant changes in the remuneration of employees in the public sector are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Slovakia in the fourth quarter of 2018.
The current labour market situation in Germany, the recent collective bargaining agreement in the German railways sector and the 100th anniversary of the Stinnes-Legien agreement are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Germany in the fourth quarter of 2018.
The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.
Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.
This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.
Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.
Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.
This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.
The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.
Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.
Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.
This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).
This report analyses the working conditions and job quality of different types of self-employed workers. Drawing on data from the European Working Conditions Survey, it looks into policies in Member States aimed at addressing the challenges and opportunities associated with specific types of self-employment.
This study provides information allowing for an assessment of the representativeness of the actors involved in the European sectoral social dialogue committee for the chemical sector. Their relative representativeness legitimises their right to be consulted, their role and effective participation in the European sectoral social dialogue and their capacity to negotiate agreements. The aim of this Eurofound’s study on representativeness is to identify the relevant national and European social partner organisations in the chemical sector in the EU Member States.
The focus of this report is on the role that human capital plays in determining inequalities across the EU, as well as within Member States. Using Cedefop’s work in this area, the report provides a comparative analysis of national trends in education and lifelong learning, including differences between educational groups in terms of income, living conditions and health.
The report maps trends in income inequality and examines the situation of the middle classes in the EU during 2020, the year most associated with the COVID-19 lockdowns. It charts developments in the size and composition of middle-class households across countries, identifies those that suffered disproportionately in 2020. Taking a longer lens, the report describes the evolution of income inequalities over the last 15 years, comparing the Great Recession (2007–2009) with the COVID-19 pandemic, and outlines the trends both between and within Member States.
This report explores the implications of the right of all EU citizens to live independently. It investigates the barriers faced by people who wish to live independently, and the situation of people at risk of living in institutional settings. It maps the various measures taken by EU Member States to foster independent living and autonomy. The report also includes policy pointers to support future decision-makers and provides a review of lessons learned from the COVID-19 pandemic.