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  • Article
    27 Marzec 1997

    At the beginning of March the first steps were taken towards the creation of
    the first "European super union". One of Britain's biggest trade unions, the
    General, Municipal and Boilermakers' Union (GMB), signed a joint membership
    agreement with the German chemical workers' union. The deal between the GMB
    and IG Chemie-Papier-Keramik means that 1.8 million workers will be entitled
    to joint membership. Although the two unions may not provide the same
    services, UK workers in Germany can expect legal advice, support from
    representatives, and training facilities, while German workers in the UK can
    expect legal advice, health and safety information and financial benefits
    (Record DE9703206N [1]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/joint-union-membership-for-german-and-uk-workers

  • Article
    27 Marzec 1997

    The number of member companies of the Confederation of Norwegian Business and
    Industry (NHO) increased by around 2,000 during 1996. NHO aims for a further
    growth in membership towards the year 2000.

  • Article
    27 Marzec 1997

    The Government has published a working document, entitled "Maritime and ports
    policy at the approach of the 21st Century", for public debate. In the
    document it proposes a number of measures to deregulate dock work, and the
    National Federation of Dockers' Unions has criticised the lack of prior
    dialogue and is opposing the new proposals.

  • Article
    27 Marzec 1997

    The cause of the industrial unrest was the announcement by the ruling
    Conservative-Liberal coalition Government that it was planning to scale back
    annual subsidies for the - basically west - German hard coal (Steinkohle)
    industry dramatically. During the ensuing protests, Germany saw a human chain
    of more than 90 kilometres straight through the Ruhr coal heartland, and
    sympathy demonstrations from east German brown coal miners. Miners in the
    Ruhr and the Saar areas went on strike. Tens of thousands of miners took to
    the streets, occupied pits and town halls, and blocked roads as well as the
    Bonn headquarters of Chancellor Helmut Kohl's ruling Christian Democratic
    Party (CDU) and its coalition partner, the Free Democrat Party (FDP). In the
    days before the compromise, the protests of the rank and file seemed to get
    out of control of the miners' union, IG Bergbau und Energie (IGBE), and its
    chair, Hans Berger. For the first time in German post-war history, furious
    miners even entered the restricted area surrounding government buildings in
    Bonn where no public meetings or marches may be held. As an "act of
    solidarity with miners fighting for their existence" the Social Democratic
    Party (SPD) temporarily boycotted a meeting in which opposition and coalition
    politicians were discussing the reform of the German tax system. When the
    miners laid siege to Bonn, Chancellor Kohl temporarily put off talks with the
    union leaders to avoid having to negotiate under duress.

  • Article
    27 Marzec 1997

    The European Commission adopted its first annual report on equal
    opportunities between men and women in the European Union at its meeting on 5
    March 1997. The report: outlines the embodiment of equality principles in
    European Union policies; examines gender differences in the EU labour market;
    looks at Community actions to improve the interaction between work and family
    life; explores initiatives to aimed at achieving a greater involvement of
    women in decision-making bodies; outlines initiatives aimed a enabling women
    to exercise their rights; and provides an update on the recommendations of
    the 1995 Beijing Conference. Commenting on the publication of the report,
    commissioner for social affairs Padraig Flynn said that this was the first in
    what will be a series of annual reports covering the Union's policies on
    equal opportunities as a whole. Commissioner Flynn stated that the aim of the
    report was to give visible expression to EU policies on equal opportunities
    between men and women, to encourage debate on the progress achieved and
    policies to develop, and to act as a reference point for the Commission,
    member states and countries applying for membership of the Union.

  • Article
    27 Marzec 1997

    A current bill amending the 1971 Works Councils Act has focused attention on
    the increasingly important role played by Dutch works councils in the
    negotiation of terms of employment. However, although the function of the
    trade unions is being somewhat eroded, even in the area of determining
    primary terms of employment, the traditional division of roles between unions
    and works councils has remained fundamentally intact.

  • Article
    27 Marzec 1997

    The phenomenon of illegal immigration in Greece has taken on an ever more
    serious dimension. According to evidence from the Ministry of Public Order
    the number of foreign workers without a work permit is now around 400,000,
    and is expected to increase still further owing to the recent crises in
    Albania and Bulgaria. The main countries of origin are Albania, Poland,
    Bulgaria and Romania, as well as countries in Asia and Africa. However, there
    are also around 30,000 additional foreign nationals who originate from EU
    member states, and obtain a special written permit from the Ministry of
    Labour.

  • Article
    27 Marzec 1997

    One of the keenest debates in industrial relations in Europe is the
    relationship between the institutional structure of the labour market and
    economic performance and, in particular, the contribution of the wage
    determination process to national competitiveness. Considerable attention has
    focused on European economies, like Germany and Sweden, whose traditionally
    centralised and coordinated bargaining systems have come under significant
    pressures in recent years. The case of Ireland has attracted less attention.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications