The issue of mandatory trade union membership, a dispute in the airline industry leading to civil and legal action, and a temporary solution to the teacher shortage are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Malta in the third quarter of 2019.
The government’s priorities and responsibilities for 2020 and the ongoing debates about pay rises for workers in the healthcare and education sectors are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Latvia in the third quarter of 2019.
The establishment of a new coalition government, a joint platform from metalworker unions for the renewal of the industry-wide agreement, an agreement on how to measure the representativeness of social partners, and the gap between the south and centre-north are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Italy in the third quarter of 2019.
The standardisation of employment conditions for all employees in the civil service, an agreement to increase pay in the healthcare sector, and a call to balance pay for government and public sector employees are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Croatia in the third quarter of 2019.
Pension reform, the development of the unemployment insurance reform, a challenge from labour courts about severance pay, and developments in the field of health and safety are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in France in the third quarter of 2019.
Efforts to boost the Czech workforce by increasing the number of foreign workers in the country, a strike alert from education trade unions, and the funding level for social partner projects in 2020 are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Czechia in the third quarter of 2019.
The political agenda of the president-elect of the European Commission, an implementation report on the Enforcement Directive on Posted Workers, and the launch of an open public consultation on the implementation of the European Disability Strategy 2010–2020 are the main topics of interest in this article. This update reports on the latest developments in working life in the European Union in the third quarter of 2019.
The adoption of new regulations repealing recent labour law provisions, industrial action against the draft bill on development and labour relations, and the announcement of the extension of the general national collective agreement are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Greece in the third quarter of 2019.
The start of the autumn round of collective bargaining, a conflict in the postal sector and the government’s employment policy are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Finland in the third quarter of 2019.
The government inviting social partners to discuss a new retirement policy, the implementation of the Work–Life Balance Directive, and a strike at Copenhagen Airport are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Denmark in the third quarter of 2019.
Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.
Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.
This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.
The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.
The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.
Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.
Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.
This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).
This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.
The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.
Building on previous work by Eurofound, this report will investigate intergenerational dynamics over time. During the 2008 double-dip recession, worrying intergenerational divides appeared in many Member States, and while some of the economic and social impact of the COVID-19 pandemic is universal, early data suggests disparities across demographic cohorts. Eurofound will examine how different age groups may have been affected in terms of their health, labour market participation, quality of life and financial needs, both in the short term and in the long term.
Adequate, affordable housing has become a matter of great concern, with an alarming number of Europeans with low or lower household incomes unable to access any, especially in capital cities. Housing was a key factor in people’s experience of the COVID-19 pandemic: its quality and level of safety significantly affected how lockdowns and social distancing measures were experienced, with those who had no access to quality housing at higher risk of deteriorating living conditions and well-being.
The use of artificial intelligence, advanced robotics and the Internet of Things technologies in the workplace can bring about fundamental changes in work organisation and working conditions. This report analyses the ethical and human implications of the use of these technologies at work by drawing on qualitative interviews with policy stakeholders, input from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents and Delphi expert surveys, and case studies.