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  • Article
    27 Maggio 1997

    On 25 April 1997, the Saxon metalworking employers' association
    (Arbeitgeberverband der Sächsischen Metall- und Elektroindustrie, VSME) and
    the metalworkers' trade union, IG Metall, signed new collective agreements
    for the 87,000 employees in the Saxon metal industry. The agreements include
    a new agreement on wages and salaries, new framework agreements for white-
    and blue-collar workers, and a new agreement to secure employment
    (Beschäftigungssicherungstarifvertrag). The agreements mainly follow the
    pattern of the agreements which have already been agreed in other regions of
    eastern Germany, and conclude the 1997 collective bargaining round in east
    German metalworking.

  • Article
    27 Maggio 1997

    In what legal experts in Ireland have highlighted as a landmark case on the
    issue of indirect sex discrimination, Ireland's Supreme Court has asserted
    the primacy of EU law over domestic law. Mary Honan, a legal expert with the
    Employment Equality Agency said that the decision also established the
    correct legal framework for establishing unlawful indirect discrimination.

  • Article
    27 Maggio 1997

    The ECJ's ruling on 11 March 1997 in the case of /Süzen v Zehnacher
    Gebäudereinigung GmbH Krankenhausservice and another/ (Case C-13/95) made a
    potential "U-turn" in the interpretation of the EU Directive on transfers of
    undertakings, that has left a question mark over the way that the employment
    rights of the employees of contractors are decided. The ruling stems from a
    court case in Germany in which a school cleaner, Ayse Süzen, lost her job
    when her employer failed to keep the cleaning contract at the school where
    she worked. Ms Süzen challenged the decision of the new contractor not to
    re-employ the cleaning workers dismissed by their original employer.

  • Article
    27 Maggio 1997

    Meeting on 17 April 1997, the Labour and Social Affairs Council of Ministers
    took stock of initiatives by the European Commission and the Council
    Presidency aimed at improving information, consultation and participation
    mechanisms for employees. Padraig Flynn, the commissioner responsible for
    employment, industrial relations and social affairs, highlighted the
    importance of such initiatives in the light of the Renault crisis (EU9703108F
    [1]). He also reported on the current status of the work by the high-level
    expert working group on worker involvement.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/the-renault-case-and-the-future-of-social-europe

  • Article
    27 Maggio 1997

    The Vlaams Blok, a xenophobic and extreme right-wing Flemish nationalist
    party, is currently seeking legitimacy as the defender of "ordinary people".
    With its populist stand against immigrants and French-speakers, the party has
    won a large number of votes in some towns in Flanders, particularly amongst
    those sections of the population most badly hit by unemployment and worsening
    living conditions.

  • Article
    27 Maggio 1997

    Under the terms of a new bill, announced in April 1997, employees in the
    Netherlands will be entitled to benefits if they interrupt their careers for
    care or study leave, on condition that the employer hires an unemployed
    person for the same period

  • Article
    27 Maggio 1997

    An agreement for Italy's first regional occupational pensions fund was signed
    in March 1997 by the Veneto local organisations of Confindustria, the main
    employers' organisation, and of the CISL trade union confederation. The
    initiative has met with hostility from CGIL and uncertainty from UIL, the
    other two main union confederations.

  • Article
    27 Maggio 1997

    April 1997 saw the conclusion of the first collective agreement covering
    Portuguese social welfare institutions, where conditions of employment were
    previously governed by state regulations.

  • Article
    27 Maggio 1997

    According to the Austrian Chamber of the Economy (Wirtschaftskammer
    Österreich, WKÖ) there were 162,339 salaried employees in industrial
    establishments in 1995. This was nearly 35% of total employment in industry.
    (There were another 8,605 in industrial enterprises in the construction
    industry where they accounted for 23% of employment). The pay scales applying
    to these employees have been changed from 1 May 1997, affecting 84% of the
    total in industry. The changes come in the form of a collective agreement
    concluded between the Federal Section Industry (Bundessektion Industrie) of
    the WKÖ and the Industry and Crafts Section (Sektion Industrie und Gewerbe)
    of the Union of Salaried Employees (Gewerkschaft der Privatangestellten,
    GPA). The negotiations started in May 1995 and were concluded on 28 October
    1996.

  • Article
    27 Maggio 1997

    On 29 April 1997, the management and works council at Mohn GmbH, a subsidiary
    of one of Germany's biggest media corporations, Bertelsmann, signed a works
    agreement [1]- known as the "Pact for partnership 1997" - for the 1,700 or so
    employees at the Mohn printing works in Gütersloh.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/works-agreement-0

Series

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications