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  • Article
    27 Febbraio 1997

    On 6 February 1997, the Bundesverband Druck employers' association and the
    Industriegewerkschaft Medien trade union signed two new nationwide collective
    agreements for the 130,000 manual workers in the German printing industry.
    The first agreement covers the general developments of wages, and the second
    agreement is a renewal of the sector's general framework agreement on
    employment conditions [1] (Manteltarifvertrag).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/framework-agreement-on-employment-conditions

  • Article
    27 Febbraio 1997

    On 29 January 1997, Tele Danmark informed its employees of its decision to
    reduce staff by 2,500 and take on 500 new employees. The decision, which was
    due to come into effect by mid-1998, is part of an efficiency plan, which
    will cut annual costs by DKK 600 million and implement major organisational
    changes.

  • Article
    27 Febbraio 1997

    At a special Social Dialogue Committee meeting held on 29 November 1996, the
    European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC), the Union of Industrial and
    Employers' Confederations of Europe (UNICE), and the European Centre of
    Enterprises with Public Participation (CEEP) adopted a joint contribution to
    the /Confidence Pact for Action on Employment in Europe,/ in preparation for
    the Dublin European Council summit held in December. In their statement, the
    social partners express their deepest concern at the high level of
    unemployment which continues to prevail across the EU, and criticise what
    they perceive as a lack of coordination and implementation of a Europe-wide
    strategy to combat the problem effectively. They pronounce themselves in
    favour of Commission President Santer's proposal for a Confidence Pact, and
    see their declaration as "a committed response to his proposals on the themes
    of youth unemployment, lifelong learning, and better use of Structural Funds
    for job creation, in a macroeconomic environment conducive to growth and
    employment".

  • Article
    27 Febbraio 1997

    On 19 February, Arbio, the employers' association for the forestry industry,
    sued the Swedish Paper Workers' Union before the Labour Court. Formally, the
    parties are arguing over a sum of less than SEK 50, though in practice the
    case concerns an unlimited amount of money. This is a test case, and the
    question that the Court has to address is: how is the collective agreement on
    sick pay for employees in the paper industry to be interpreted?

  • Article
    27 Febbraio 1997

    Three independent pay review bodies were created more than 25 years ago in
    what has been described as an attempt "to remove a range of highly sensitive
    settlements from the political arena" (P Bassett, /The Times,/ 7 February
    1997). They recommended pay increases for doctors and dentists, the most
    senior grades in the armed forces, the civil service and the judiciary, and
    for the rest of the armed forces. The pay review system assumed greater
    importance when it was extended to cover nearly 500,000 nurses, midwives and
    other health service professionals in 1983 and a similar number of
    schoolteachers in England and Wales in 1992. In both cases, the creation of
    pay review bodies followed lengthy disputes and a history of repeated failure
    of the negotiating machinery to produce agreement on pay settlements without
    frequent arbitration or periodic special enquiries.

  • Article
    27 Febbraio 1997

    The second part of the two-year National General Collective Agreement 1996-7
    (EGSSE) came into force at the beginning of 1997. The principal purpose of
    the EGSSE is to set minimum pay levels, which have a two-fold significance:
    providing a framework for the social protection of unskilled workers and
    acting as a guideline for negotiations at more specific levels - enterprise,
    industry-wide or occupational. Whatever is agreed at the level of the EGSEE
    covers, without exception, the whole of the private sector, as well as the
    broader public sector (public administration is excluded). The wages of
    public servants have until now been determined by the Government, but this
    will have to change following Greece's ratification of International Labour
    Organisation Conventions Nos. 151 and 154, which consolidate the right of
    public servants to collective bargaining.

  • Article
    27 Febbraio 1997

    Judging from a recent exchange of letters between a Dutch trade unions and
    the Department of Justice, it would appear that cross-border cooperation
    between unions, let alone their international merger, is beset with legal
    difficulties.

  • Article
    27 Febbraio 1997

    Nurses had threatened industrial action on 10 February 1997 in pursuit of a
    claim for a major overhaul in their pay structures and an improved early
    retirement scheme. However, the action was called off when the nurses
    accepted an IEP 85 million formula drawn up by the Labour Court, which
    includes the creation of a commission which will examine a range of issues
    related to the nursing profession. Four trade unions representing over 26,000
    nurses were involved in the dispute, the largest being the 16,000-strong
    Irish Nurses Organisation (INO).

  • Article
    27 Febbraio 1997

    It is expected that the fate of the Forges de Clabecq steelworks will be
    sealed on 15 June 1997. However, whatever the outcome of the recovery
    operation by the Swiss-Italian industrial concern, Duferco, something will
    have changed in this Belgian enterprise located some 15 miles from Brussels
    in the province of Brabant. Beyond the event in itself - the closure of a
    firm leading to the loss of 1,800 jobs - which has not itself been
    exceptional over the last few months in Belgium, it is the style of activity
    undertaken by the Forges de Clabecq union delegation [1] that has revealed a
    new union climate.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/union-delegation

  • Article
    27 Febbraio 1997

    The Italian Government and social partners are currently implementing their
    tripartite "Pact for Employment" (Patto per il Lavoro), which is intended to
    promote employment and foster economic development in Italy through the
    introduction of a wide and complex set of policies. The agreement, signed on
    24 September 1996, is of the utmost political importance as it falls within
    within the framework of the renened social concertation strategy that has
    been pursued over the 1990s. The Pact earmarks a total amount of about ITL
    15,000 billion for its implementation over the 1997-1999 period.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications