Industrial relations and social dialogue

Arbeidsverhoudingen: ontwikkelingen 2015-2019

Flagship report
Bijgewerkt
15 december 2020
Gepubliceerd
11 december 2020
pdf
Formats and languages
Executive summary in 22 languages
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Hoofdconclusies

  • Op Europees niveau heeft sociale dialoog aanleiding gegeven tot een aanzienlijk aantal gezamenlijke initiatieven, wat echter tot weinig overeenkomsten heeft geleid.
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  • Op Europees niveau heeft sociale dialoog aanleiding gegeven tot een aanzienlijk aantal gezamenlijke initiatieven, wat echter tot weinig overeenkomsten heeft geleid.
  • In sommige sectoren bestaat er bezorgdheid over de afwijzing van verzoeken van sociale partners om via Europese wetgeving uitvoering te geven aan overeenkomsten, en over het feit dat een betere interactie tussen het EU- en nationale niveau noodzakelijk is.
  • Op nationaal niveau blijven de arbeidsverhoudingen zeer divers in de EU. Uit de analyse van Eurofound valt een duidelijke tweedeling op te maken tussen de landen (Noordse en continentale lidstaten) die het best scoren in industriële democratie en de lidstaten in het zuiden, liberale lidstaten en Midden- en Oost-Europese (MOE) lidstaten.
  • Minder dan een op de drie werkplekken (met meer dan tien werknemers) in de EU (29 %) heeft enige vorm van werknemersvertegenwoordiging. Of werknemers worden vertegenwoordigd, wordt in hoge mate bepaald door wettelijke vereisten.
  • Landen die in ‘goede tijden’ investeren in sociale dialoog, hebben er profijt van in tijden van crisis. Uit onderzoek van de eerste beleidsrespons op de COVID-19-pandemie blijkt dat de sociale partners in het algemeen sterker betrokken waren in de landen waar sociale dialoog van oudsher een belangrijke rol speelt.
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Samenvatting

In het kader van zijn mandaat om de dialoog tussen de sociale partners te stimuleren, monitort en analyseert Eurofound al meer dan veertig jaar ontwikkelingen in stelsels van arbeidsverhoudingen op EU-niveau en in de lidstaten van de EU. Dit vlaggenschiprapport is gebaseerd op het werk dat in ditRead more

In het kader van zijn mandaat om de dialoog tussen de sociale partners te stimuleren, monitort en analyseert Eurofound al meer dan veertig jaar ontwikkelingen in stelsels van arbeidsverhoudingen op EU-niveau en in de lidstaten van de EU. Dit vlaggenschiprapport is gebaseerd op het werk dat in dit verband gedurende de vorige programmeringsperiode (2015-2019) is verricht. Het berust op de uitgebreide monitoring die Eurofound doorlopend heeft verricht op stelsels van arbeidsverhoudingen en sociale dialoog. Het algemene doel van het rapport is beleidsmakers en actoren in arbeidsverhoudingen te helpen begrijpen welke uitdagingen er zijn voor sociale dialoog en te benoemen hoe zij in het vervolg kunnen bijdragen aan evenwichtige en goed functionerende stelsels van arbeidsverhoudingen.

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Formats and languages

  • Verslag

    Aantal bladzijden: 
    120
    Nummer: 
    EF20023
    ISBN: 
    978-92-897-2137-0
    Catalogusnummer: 
    TJ-06-20-066-EN-N
    DOI: 
    10.2806/994718
    Catalogue info

    Arbeidsverhoudingen: ontwikkelingen 2015-2019

    Formaten

    Deze publicatie citeren: 

    Eurofound (2020), Industrial relations: Developments 2015–2019, Challenges and prospects in the EU series, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg

  • Executive summary

    Nummer: 
    EF20023EN1
    Catalogue info

    Arbeidsverhoudingen: ontwikkelingen 2015-2019

    Auteur(s): 
    Eurofound

    Beschikbaar om te downloaden in 22 talen

    Downloaden
  • Tables and graphs

    List of tables

    Table 1: Main EU cross-sectoral joint texts, November 2014–November 2019
    Table 2: European Pillar of Social Rights
    Table 3: Results of the mapping exercise on capacity gaps and needs among national social partners
    Table 4: Social partners’ involvement in social and labour policymaking
    Table 5: Recitals with explicit references to capacity building in the 2019 CSRs
    Table 6: Contextual indicators for industrial democracy
    Table 7: Dimensions and indicators of industrial democracy
    Table 8: Industrial democracy clusters in the EU27 and the UK, 2008–2012 and 2013–2017
    Table 9: Selected developments in social partner organisations, 2014–2019
    Table 10: Member States in which respondents were most and least likely to have received training as an employee representative
    Table 11: Employee representatives perceiving levels of appreciation from employees by industrial democracy cluster (%)
    Table 12: Direct and indirect forms of employee involvement in the most important organisational change
    Table 13: Views of management and employee representatives on the degree of influence of employees and their representatives
    Table 14: Extent of mutual trust between employee representatives and management (%)
    Table A1: Types of employee representatives included in the ECS 2019

    List of figures

    Figure 1: European social dialogue outcomes by type of text (as at 29 July 2020)
    Figure 2: National social partners’ involvement in peak-level social dialogue in 2018
    Figure 3: Trade union density rates by industrial democracy cluster, 2000, 2014 and 2018 (%)
    Figure 4: Collective bargaining coverage rates by industrial democracy cluster, 2000, 2014 and 2018 (%)
    Figure 5: Private sector collective bargaining coverage and patterns by industrial democracy cluster, 2019 (%)
    Figure 6: Prevalence and type of workplace-level employee representation by country and industrial democracy cluster (%)
    Figure 7: Proportion of employees covered by official employee representation by industrial democracy cluster
    Figure 8: Proportion of companies in the ECS to which certain legal rules and size thresholds on employee representation apply
    Figure 9: Probability that any form of employee representation will exist in an establishment by establishment size and sector (%)
    Figure 10: Influence of legal rules and thresholds on probability of representation (%)
    Figure 11: Influence of company employment developments, competitiveness and workforce structure on probability of representation (%)
    Figure 12: Years of experience as an employee representative by gender (%)
    Figure 13: Proportion of respondents by type of representation and establishment size
    Figure 14: Working time available to employee representatives by industrial democracy cluster (%)
    Figure 15: Training for employee representatives by type and establishment size (%)
    Figure 16: Access of employee representatives to funding for external advice by type of representation and establishment size (%)
    Figure 17: Proportion of employee representatives reporting estimated shares of trade union membership in their establishments (%)
    Figure 18: Employee representatives meeting with employees during and outside working hours (%)
    Figure 19: Existence and use of a dedicated social media account to communicate with employees by length of experience of the employee representative (%)
    Figure 20: Employee representatives receiving information (financial, employment and strategic) from management by industrial democracy cluster (%)
    Figure 21: Employee representatives expressing satisfaction with the quality of information and reporting receiving it in good time (%)
    Figure 22: Employee representatives’ involvement in various types of pay negotiations (%)
    Figure 23: Employee representatives’ involvement in pay negotiations by industrial democracy cluster (%)
    Figure 24: Employee representatives’ involvement in pay negotiations by type of representation (%)
    Figure 25: Employee representatives reporting organisational changes since 2016 (%)
    Figure 26: Areas of most important change since 2016, as reported by employee representatives (%)
    Figure 27: Involvement of employee representatives in the most important organisational change by industrial democracy cluster (%)
    Figure 28: Initiator and form of social dialogue (%)
    Figure 29: Forms of indirect and direct employee involvement in the most important organisational change (%)
    Figure 30: Distribution of combinations of direct and indirect employee involvement by type of employee representation (%)
    Figure 31: Employee representatives’ views on direct involvement of employees (%)
    Figure 32: Employee representatives’ views on influence of representatives and employees on major organisational changes (%)
    Figure 33: Employee representatives’ views on great or moderate influence of employees and representatives on organisational change by area (%)
    Figure 34: Employee representatives’ views on levels of trust in management and whether management listens (%)
    Figure 35: Trust in and relationship with management by frequency of meeting (%)

This report presents the results of research conducted largely prior to the outbreak of COVID-19 in Europe in February 2020. For this reason, the results do not fully take account of the outbreak.

Onderzoek dat is uitgevoerd vóór de terugtrekking van het VK uit de Europese Unie op 31 januari 2020 en dat vervolgens is gepubliceerd, kan gegevens over de 28 EU-lidstaten bevatten. Na deze datum wordt bij onderzoek alleen rekening gehouden met de 27 EU-lidstaten (EU28 minus het VK), tenzij anders vermeld.

Part of the series

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

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