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  • Article
    25 Jūnijs 2003

    Der Bericht vermittelt einen Überblick über die - in Tarifverträgen
    vereinbarte und gesetzlich geregelte - Dauer der Arbeitszeit in der
    Europäischen Union und in Norwegen im Jahr 2002 (und 2001), der auf den
    Beiträgen der nationalen Zentren des Europäischen Observatoriums für die
    Entwicklung der Arbeitsbeziehungen (EIRO) basiert. Zum ersten Mal
    berücksichtigen wir auch Daten von drei der Kandidatenländern, die 2004 in
    die EU aufgenommen werden: Ungarn, Polen und die Slowakei.

  • Article
    25 Jūnijs 2003

    Nous tentons dans la présente étude de dégager une vue d’ensemble de la
    durée du temps de travail - telle qu’elle est établie par les conventions
    collectives et la législation - dans l’Union européenne et la Norvège en
    2002 (et 2001), basée sur les contributions des centres nationaux de
    l’Observatoire européen des relations industrielles (EIRO). Pour la
    première fois, nous incluons certaines données sur trois des pays candidats
    qui rejoindront l’UE en 2004 - la Hongrie, la Pologne et la Slovaquie.

  • Article
    25 Jūnijs 2003

    In June 2003, management and trade unions signed a preliminary agreement on a
    unified collective agreement for two of Spain's nuclear power plants, those
    at Almaraz and Trillo. This may represent the first step towards a sectoral
    agreement for the sector, where bargaining currently occurs at plant level.

  • Article
    25 Jūnijs 2003

    In summer 2003, France's Minister of Health announced that a reform of the
    sickness insurance system is to be presented in the autumn. While an
    increasing deficit posted by the sickness insurance funds has made this
    overhaul necessary, industrial relations tensions in the healthcare sector
    suggest that implementation may be problematic. The details of the reform are
    as yet unknown, but the major thrust appears to be a reduction in compulsory
    sickness insurance cover and the creation of specific measures for
    lower-income people.

  • Article
    25 Jūnijs 2003

    Die Erweiterung der Europäischen Union, bei der voraussichtlich ab 2004 bis
    zu 12 Länder Mittel- und Osteuropas sowie des Mittelmeerraums der EU
    beitreten werden, rückt immer näher. Vor diesem Hintergrund hat das
    Europäische Observatorium für die Entwicklung der Arbeitsbeziehungen (EIRO)
    die Erfassung der Entwicklungen im Bereich der Arbeitsbeziehungen auf die
    beitrittswilligen Länder ausgeweitet.

  • Article
    25 Jūnijs 2003

    Arbeitskämpfe - Streiks, Aussperrungen usw. - sind einer der vorrangigsten
    Aspekte von Arbeitsbeziehungen, nicht zuletzt in Bezug auf ihre Behandlung in
    den Medien sowie hinsichtlich ihrer Auswirkungen auf die und ihre Beachtung
    in der Öffentlichkeit. In manchen Quellen werden Arbeitskämpfe als
    wichtiger Indikator für das Funktionieren von Systemen im Bereich der
    Arbeitsbeziehungen betrachtet, wobei Arbeitskämpfe zum Teil als Zeichen für
    die Fehlfunktion eines Systems betrachtet werden, während sie von anderen
    als ein ralativ normales Merkmal eines gesunden und gut funktionierenden
    Systems angesehen werden. Im Juni 2001 veröffentlichte die Europäische
    Kommission eine Mitteilung über Beschäftigungs- und Sozialpolitik: ein
    Konzept für Investitionen in Qualität [1]. In diesem Dokument werden Wege
    und Möglichkeiten zur Förderung der 'Qualität' in der Beschäftigungs- und
    Sozialpolitik vorgeschlagen; es enthält ferner Vorschläge für eine Reihe
    von Indikatoren zur Messung dieser Qualität. Einer der unter 'Sozialer
    Dialog und Arbeitnehmermitbestimmung' aufgeführten Indikatoren sind 'durch
    Arbeitskämpfe verlorene Arbeitstage'.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/news/2001/sep/quality_de.pdf

  • Article
    25 Jūnijs 2003

    In its 2002 'Report on industrial accidents and occupational illnesses',
    Spain's UGT trade union confederation examines the country's high industrial
    accident and illness rate and seeks to identify the causes. These are found
    to to be lack of compliance with the relevant legislation by companies, and
    the high level of subcontracting, temporary contracts and temporary agency
    work, which particularly affects young workers.

  • Article
    25 Jūnijs 2003

    Les actions syndicales - grèves, lock-outs, etc. - sont l’un des aspects
    les plus visibles des relations industrielles, notamment en termes de
    couverture médiatique et d’impact sur le public. Ces actions sont souvent
    considérées comme un indicateur important du bon fonctionnement ou non du
    système de relations industrielles, les actions syndicales étant perçues
    par certains comme un signe de dysfonctionnement du système alors que pour
    d’autres, il s’agit d’une caractéristique assez normale d’un
    système en bonne santé fonctionnant correctement. En juin 2001, la
    Commission européenne a publié une communication intitulée Politiques
    sociales et de l’emploi: un cadre pour investir dans la qualité [1]. Ce
    document propose différentes façons de promouvoir la 'qualité' dans
    l’emploi et la politique sociale et prévoit un ensemble d’indicateurs
    pour mesurer cette qualité. Un des indicateurs en termes de 'dialogue social
    et participation des travailleurs' porte sur les 'journées de travail
    perdues à la suite de conflits du travail'.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/news/2001/sep/quality_fr.pdf

  • Article
    25 Jūnijs 2003

    In summer 2003, work is due to start on a revision of the Toledo pact, the
    1995 agreement on the Spanish pensions system, in the light of gloomy
    demographic and expenditure forecasts. The government is seeking various
    changes, notably linking pensions to contributions paid over the entire
    career, the development of private pension schemes, a halt to early
    retirement and an increase in the retirement age. A recent European
    Commission report has contributed to the debate.

  • Article
    24 Jūnijs 2003

    In June 2003, the Cologne Institute for Business Research (Institut der
    deutschen Wirtschaft, IW [1]) published a report which finds that a 40-hour
    working week (or longer) is still a reality for 44% of all employees in
    eastern Germany. Moreover, only slightly more than one-fifth of all west
    German employees have a 35-hour week, while over half work 38 hours a week or
    more. The figures - see table 1 below - indicate that the 35-hour week is
    less common in Germany than is commonly thought.

    [1] http://www.iwkoeln.de

Series

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  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

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    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

Forthcoming publications