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  • Article
    11 Jūnijs 2003

    /Industrial restructuring is a striking feature of Europe's economic
    landscape today. There is wide agreement among employees, social partner
    organisations and policymakers at all levels that the way industrial
    restructuring is managed can, and must be improved. A rich body of policy
    initiatives, conceptual material and practical experience is available,
    identifying the main issues and challenges governing industrial
    restructuring. This EMCC dossier aims at presenting a selection of relevant
    data sources in a systematic way. It reveals the principles of, and various
    approaches to, corporate restructuring. A series of links provide access to a
    wide variety of relevant information sources./

  • Article
    11 Jūnijs 2003

    Following several draft versions and a series of consultations, the coalition
    government of the Hungarian Socialist Party (Magyar Szocialista Párt, MSZP
    [1]) and the liberal Alliance of Free Democrats (Szabad Demokraták
    Szövetsége, SZDSZ [2]) submitted a bill on 'healthcare service providers
    and organisation of public health service' to parliament in March 2003.


  • Article
    11 Jūnijs 2003

    In spring 2003, Alstom, the French-based engineering multinational, announced
    a major Europe-wide restructuring plan which includes stringent cuts in its
    activities. The group may be selling off its shipbuilding division and
    announced job losses in its power and transport infrastructure divisions at
    various works council meetings in April, May and June. There have been fierce
    reactions from trade unions in France, while the Alstom European Works
    Council has brought a court case.

  • Article
    11 Jūnijs 2003

    In a judgment issued in late May 2003, a Greek court ruled the dismissals of
    many workers at Athenian Paper Mills SA (Softex) to be illegal, as redundancy
    legislation had not been observed. It stated that the workers are thus
    entitled to retroactive compensation for lost pay from the date they were
    made redundant in 2002 up to the date of the court ruling.

  • Article
    11 Jūnijs 2003

    A number of Greek court rulings issued in April-June 2003 have focused on the
    issue of workers who are employed to meet the standing needs of employers for
    long periods under successive fixed-term employment contracts. The courts
    have upheld these workers' cases and converted their fixed-term contracts
    into open-ended contracts, in the light of the 1999 EU fixed-term work

  • Information sheet
    11 Jūnijs 2003

    Information sheets set out a brief overview of each project, forming a useful introduction point. They answer key questions as to: What is the project about? Why is the research being carried out? What are the findings/objectives and whom do they concern? When will the project be completed? How might the findings be translated into action? This information sheet provides a brief overview of a forthcoming report on the subject of economically dependent workers. Their situation has been widely debated in most countries throughout Europe. The comparative study looks at how the emergence of this new category has called into question the existing regulatory framework and highlighted possible shortcomings in the current system of labour protection. It also examines how the growth of new forms of employment has had an impact on the national industrial relations systems of certain countries, leading to changes in the structure of representation and/or the content of collective bargaining.

  • Article
    10 Jūnijs 2003

    In the first half of 2003, sectoral collective bargaining has been proceeding
    in Belgium within the framework of the intersectoral agreement for 2003-4.
    The agreements concluded by June indicate that the economic slowdown is
    having a major impact on employees' purchasing power, though there have been
    advances in areas such as employment, training, the status of blue-collar
    workers and end-of-career arrangements. Bargaining remains difficult in a
    number of large sectors.

  • Article
    10 Jūnijs 2003

    In May 2003, Spain's UGT trade union confederation highlighted the unequal
    situation of women and men in employment, and notably a gender pay gap of
    around 30%. Women are also, it is claimed, subject to occupational
    segregation, higher unemployment and less stable employment.

  • Article
    10 Jūnijs 2003

    At the end of April 2003, the Work Environment Authority (Arbetsmiljöverket)
    presented its annual statistics for 2002. It highlighted the positive
    development of the figures on fatal accidents at work, which are now much
    lower than previously. During 2002, 45 employees were killed by accidents at
    work (43 of whom were men), compared with 46 in 2001 (41 men, five women). Of
    the fatal accidents in 2002, 13 occurred in the transport sector, 12 in the
    building sector and eight in manufacturing industry. There are about 4.2
    million employees in Sweden. Looking at the cause of the fatal accidents in
    2002, 19 employees were killed in vehicle (cars, trucks etc) accidents, nine
    died in 'fall' accidents (eg falling from scaffolding), nine died after being
    struck by objects, six died in machinery accidents, one was killed in a
    robbery and one by an explosion.

  • Article
    10 Jūnijs 2003

    Since the coalition government of the conservative People’s Party
    (Österreichische Volkspartei, ÖVP) and the populist Freedom Party
    (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs, FPÖ) resumed office in February 2003,
    Austria’s public debate has been dominated by the government’s plans for
    a fundamental reform of the public pensions system. This reform is designed
    to reduce considerably future expenditure on pension benefits, especially for
    (younger) employees in the private sector (AT0305201N [1]).



  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

Forthcoming publications