A summit gathering of trade union leaders across the Baltic Sea region was held in Tallinn on 19 November 2014. The event was organised by the Estonia’s Baltic Sea Trade Union Network (BASTUN).
The meeting focused on two issues. First, it discussed the trade unions’ role in improvements in economic growth. Secondly, it looked at how to make current union members more active and how to increase union membership in the future.
A six-year project to change attitudes to undeclared work in Bulgaria has released its findings.
The project was carried out by the Association of Industrial Capital in Bulgaria (AICB) working in partnership with the Confederation of Independent Trade Unions in Bulgaria (CITUB). The long-term aim was to reduce and prevent the informal economy in Bulgaria.
A proposal to increase the retirement age in Norway from 70 to 72 years-old has had a mixed reaction.
Changes to legislation relating to the age at which a person’s employment can be automatically terminated by an employer were proposed in November 2014.
The changes are not related to the pension system or pension rights. However, they will make it possible for workers to stay longer in employment for employers that are happy for them to work beyond the normal retirement age.
Social partners in Sweden continue to debate the issue of a third month of paternity leave.
The Swedish government’s budget, which was voted down by the parliament in November 2014, included provision for a third month of paternity leave to be introduced. The centre-right budget, which was eventually passed for 2015, omitted the plans.
Poland’s largest private sector employer organisation, Lewiatan, has criticised courts which register ‘hybrid’ organisations.
Some courts have ruled that these organisations may function in the same way as ‘economic chambers’ and ‘employer organisations’, citing both the Act on Economic Chambers and the Employer Organisations Act as the legal basis of their decisions.
Most people in Poland would happily work on a Saturday according to a recent survey.
The nationwide poll carried out on in late October 2014 asked 500 people of working age their views on Saturday working. The majority said they would work on Saturdays, because they see it as a chance for additional income.
Two in three respondents said they had worked on a Saturday at least once in the previous year. They said they had received extra pay for their efforts, or had been given time off.
The new labour code, which came into force in Hungary in 2012, has significantly modified the rules for collective bargaining.
The code provides a wider role for collective bargaining in regulating employment relations. It does this, primarily, by allowing collective agreements, depending on local needs and circumstances, to differ both to the benefit and the detriment of workers.
Collective bargaining rights are no longer linked to the results of works council elections, which had often made it difficult or impossible for the sides to reach an agreement.
In December 2014, the Bipartite Committee on Psychosocial Risks met to discuss the issue of stress at work in the retail and banking sector. The meeting followed the publication of a report on stress in banks prepared by the union, Independent and Self-Governing Trade Union Solidarity (NSZZ Solidarność) earlier in the year.
Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.
Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.
Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.
Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.
Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.
This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.
This report will map the existing regulations on telework in European Union Member States, including in legislation and collective agreements. It will present the most recent changes to these regulations and shed light on how the future of (tele)work could be regulated at both national and EU level, in order to improve working conditions in telework arrangements and reduce the risks associated with telework and with specific ways of working remotely.
As part of a process to collect information on essential services, the European Commission (DG EMPL) requested Eurofound to provide input on certain aspects of existing and planned measures in the Member States to improve access to essential services, in reference to Principle 20 of the European Pillar of Social Rights. The scope of the exercise included energy services, public transport and digital communications, and the focus was on people at risk of poverty or social exclusion (in practice, people on low incomes in most cases).
This report focuses on trends and developments in collective bargaining that were evident from the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. It examines potential new strategic approaches and priorities incorporated in negotiation agendas, as well as collective bargaining practices and coordination at sector and company levels in the private sector.
This report explores the association between skills use and skills strategies and establishment performance, and how other workplace practices, in terms of work organisation, human resources management and employee involvement, can impact on this. It looks at how skills shortages can be addressed, at least in part, by creating an environment in which employees are facilitated and motivated to make better use of the skills they already have. This further supports the business case for a more holistic approach to management.
This policy brief will provide an update on upward convergence in the economic, social and institutional dimensions of the European Union, as outlined in the European Pillar of Social Rights and its accompanying Social Scoreboard.
The financial services sector is pertinent for studying the impact of digitalisation, as the main ‘raw material’ of the sector is digitally stored and processed. Process automation in the sector is likely to lead to significant job losses over the next 10 years, as the high street bank presence declines and the online bank presence increasingly accounts for a higher share of overall activity. Such trends have already been identified in bank restructurings captured in Eurofound’s European Restructuring Monitor.
This study provides information allowing for an assessment of the representativeness of the actors involved in the European sectoral social dialogue committee for the electricity sector. Their relative representativeness legitimises their right to be consulted, their role and effective participation in the European sectoral social dialogue and their capacity to negotiate agreements. The aim of this Eurofound study on representativeness is to identify the relevant national and European social partner organisations in the electricity sector in the EU Member States.
This study provides information allowing for an assessment of the representativeness of the actors involved in the European sectoral social dialogue committee for the gas sector. Their relative representativeness legitimises their right to be consulted, their role and effective participation in the European sectoral social dialogue and their capacity to negotiate agreements. The aim of this Eurofound’s study on representativeness is to identify the relevant national and European social partner organisations in the gas sector in the EU Member States.
This report investigates the practical implementation of the European Works Council (EWC) Directive at company level. It explores the challenges faced by existing EWCs and provides examples of identified solutions and remaining issues from the point of view of both workers and management. The report looks at the way that EWCs meet the requirements of the EWC Directive in terms of establishing processes of information and consultation.
The hospital sector has been deeply impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Hospitals and their workers are on the frontline in the fight against the virus, and they face a number of significant challenges in terms of resources, work organisation and working conditions. This study will explore the role of social dialogue and collective bargaining in how the sector is adapting to the pandemic. What kinds of changes have been introduced, either through social dialogue or collective bargaining? Are the changes temporary or permanent?