V poročilu je proučeno, kako se je med pandemijo covida-19 v letih 2020 in 2021 razvijalo zaupanje državljanov v institucije, vključno z nacionalnimi vladami, EU, znanostjo in mediji. Analizirana sta tudi vloga medijev, zlasti korelacija med uporabo družbenih medijev in ravnjo zaupanja, ter učinek napačnih informacij (nepravilnih ali zavajajočih informacij) in dezinformacij (namerno zavajajočih informacij) v obdobju krize.
Kakovost institucij je ključen dejavnik za doseganje navzgor usmerjene ekonomske in socialne konvergence v EU, saj ima pomembno vlogo pri rasti gospodarstva, privabljanju tujih naložb, zagotavljanju izvajanja politik in reform ter uspešnem dostopu do sredstev EU. Ustreznost javnih institucij je trenutno še posebno pomembna pri izvajanju programa NextGenerationEU, saj lahko slaba institucionalna kakovost prepreči dostop do sredstev in ogrozi učinkovitost samega programa.
The EU Presidency of Czechia organised a high-level conference in October 2022 on ‘Tackling energy poverty: EU approach & sharing best practices’. The event aimed to bring different actors together in order to strengthen the dialogue on possible solutions on how to further tackle energy poverty in the EU. This background paper, prepared at the request of the Czech Presidency, aims to contribute to the debate.
This working paper investigates the practical implementation of the European Works Council (EWC) Directive at company level. It explores the challenges faced by existing EWCs and provides examples of solutions identified and remaining issues from the point of view of both workers and management. In addition, the paper looks at how EWCs meet the requirements of the EWC Directive in terms of establishing processes of information and consultation.
Evropski trg dela je po pandemiji covida-19 močno okreval. Do konca leta 2021, malo več kot 18 mesecev po začetku pandemije, so bile stopnje zaposlenosti v EU skoraj na ravni pred krizo. V tem poročilu so povzeta gibanja na trgu dela v letih 2020 in 2021, pri čemer so uporabljeni četrtletni podatki iz raziskave EU o delovni sili. Povzetki temeljijo na strukturnih vidikih, s poudarkom na podatkih posameznih sektorjev in poklicev ter ključnih demografskih spremenljivkah, kot sta spol in starost.
The rise in cost of living and energy poverty: Social impact and policy responses. 14 October 2022, Informal Meeting of Employment and Social Affairs Ministers (EPSCO). Presentation by Ivailo Kalfin, Executive Director, Eurofound.
Zaradi pandemije so se povečale neenakosti v številnih razsežnostih evropskih družb, vključno z neenakostmi med ženskami in moškimi na več ključnih področjih. V tem poročilu so obravnavane neenakosti med spoloma, ki so obstajale že pred koronavirusno krizo, opisano pa je tudi, kako je pandemija dodatno vplivala na poglobitev razlik med njima. Analizirani so tudi različni politični odzivi nacionalnih vlad po vsej EU za odpravo razlik med spoloma in preprečevanje njihovega poglabljanja med pandemijo.
The platform economy is one of those moving targets, which, despite receiving increasing media and policy attention, has proven difficult to regulate. Given the heterogeneity of employment relationships, business models, types of platform work and cross-border issues, this is not surprising. Yet, in recent years, an increasing number of initiatives and court rulings across EU Member States have sought to address the employment rights and working conditions of platform workers.
Bančni sektor za prebivalstvo je idealno okolje za proučevanje učinkov digitalizacije na delo in zaposlovanje. Finančne storitve se vse pogosteje zagotavljajo prek spleta brez posrednikov, tj. institucij, ki so v neposrednem stiku s strankami. Številne banke v tem sektorju so od svetovne finančne krize v postopku serijskega prestrukturiranja in je eden redkih storitvenih sektorjev, ki stagnira ali zmanjšuje zaposlenost.
The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.
Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.
This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.
Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.
Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.
This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.
The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.
Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.
Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.
This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).
The use of artificial intelligence, advanced robotics and the Internet of Things technologies in the workplace can bring about fundamental changes in work organisation and working conditions. This report analyses the ethical and human implications of the use of these technologies at work by drawing on qualitative interviews with policy stakeholders, input from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents and Delphi expert surveys, and case studies.
This study provides information allowing for an assessment of the representativeness of the actors involved in the European sectoral social dialogue committee for the professional football sector. Their relative representativeness legitimises their right to be consulted, their role and effective participation in the European sectoral social dialogue and their capacity to negotiate agreements. The aim of this Eurofound’s study on representativeness is to identify the relevant national and European social partner organisations in the professional football sector in the EU Member States.
This study provides information allowing for an assessment of the representativeness of the actors involved in European sectoral social dialogue taking place at cross-sectoral level. Their relative representativeness legitimises their right to be consulted, their role and effective participation in the European sectoral social dialogue and their capacity to negotiate agreements. The aim of this Eurofound’s study on representativeness is to identify the relevant national and European social partner organisations at cross-sectoral level in the EU Member States.